ERIC Number: EJ854640
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Executive Functions after Age 5: Changes and Correlates
Best, John R.; Miller, Patricia H.; Jones, Lara L.
Developmental Review, v29 n3 p180-200 Sep 2009
Research and theorizing on executive function (EF) in childhood has been disproportionately focused on preschool age children. This review paper outlines the importance of examining EF throughout childhood, and even across the lifespan. First, examining EF in older children can address the question of whether EF is a unitary construct. The relations among the EF components, particularly as they are recruited for complex tasks, appear to change over the course of development. Second, much of the development of EF, especially working memory, shifting, and planning, occurs after age 5. Third, important applications of EF research concern the role of school-age children's EF in various aspects of school performance, as well as social functioning and emotional control. Future research needs to examine a more complete developmental span, from early childhood through late adulthood, in order to address developmental issues adequately.
Descriptors: Research Needs, Children, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Development, Neurological Organization, Brain, Age Differences, Child Development, Developmental Stages, Academic Achievement, Social Development, Emotional Development, Adults
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A