ERIC Number: EJ746386
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Gender Differences in Performance of Script Analysis by Older Adults
Helmes, E.; Bush, J. D.; Pike, D. L.; Drake, D. G.
Brain and Cognition, v62 n3 p206-213 Dec 2006
Script analysis as a test of executive functions is presumed sensitive to cognitive changes seen with increasing age. Two studies evaluated if gender differences exist in performance on scripts for familiar and unfamiliar tasks in groups of cognitively intact older adults. In Study 1, 26 older adults completed male and female stereotypical scripts. Results were not significant but a tendency was present, with genders making fewer impossible errors on the gender-typical script. Such an interaction was also noted in Study 2, which contrasted 50 older with 50 younger adults on three scripts, including a script with neutral familiarity. The pattern of significant interactions for errors suggested the need to use scripts that are based upon tasks that are equally familiar to both genders.
Descriptors: Familiarity, Gender Differences, Older Adults, Performance Based Assessment, Young Adults, Comparative Analysis, Aging (Individuals), Cognitive Tests, Stereotypes, Skill Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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