ERIC Number: EJ1002480
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Supporting Universal Prevention Programs: A Two-Phased Coaching Model
Becker, Kimberly D.; Darney, Dana; Domitrovich, Celene; Keperling, Jennifer Pitchford; Ialongo, Nicholas S.
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, v16 n2 p213-228 Jun 2013
Schools are adopting evidence-based programs designed to enhance students' emotional and behavioral competencies at increasing rates (Hemmeter et al. in "Early Child Res Q" 26:96-109, 2011). At the same time, teachers express the need for increased support surrounding implementation of these evidence-based programs (Carter and Van Norman in "Early Child Educ" 38:279-288, 2010). Ongoing professional development in the form of coaching may enhance teacher skills and implementation (Noell et al. in "School Psychol Rev" 34:87-106, 2005; Stormont et al. 2012). There exists a need for a coaching model that can be applied to a variety of teacher skill levels and one that guides coach decision-making about how best to support teachers. This article provides a detailed account of a two-phased coaching model with empirical support developed and tested with coaches and teachers in urban schools (Becker et al. 2013). In the initial "universal coaching phase," all teachers receive the same coaching elements regardless of their skill level. Then, in the "tailored coaching phase," coaching varies according to the strengths and needs of each teacher. Specifically, more intensive coaching strategies are used only with teachers who need additional coaching supports, whereas other teachers receive just enough support to consolidate and maintain their strong implementation. Examples of how coaches used the two-phased coaching model when working with teachers who were implementing two universal prevention programs (i.e., the PATHS[R] curriculum and PAX Good Behavior Game [PAX GBG]) provide illustrations of the application of this model. The potential reach of this coaching model extends to other school-based programs as well as other settings in which coaches partner with interventionists to implement evidence-based programs.
Descriptors: Prevention, Urban Schools, Coaching (Performance), Teaching Skills, Social Development, Emotional Development, Interpersonal Competence, Program Implementation, Intervention, Professional Development, Educational Needs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A