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ERIC Number: EJ783776
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-1470-8175
Using Green and Red Fluorescent Proteins to Teach Protein Expression, Purification, and Crystallization
Wu, Yifeng; Zhou, Yangbin; Song, Jiaping; Hu, Xiaojian; Ding, Yu; Zhang, Zhihong
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, v36 n1 p43-54 Jan-Feb 2008
We have designed a laboratory curriculum using the green and red fluorescent proteins (GFP and RFP) to visualize the cloning, expression, chromatography purification, crystallization, and protease-cleavage experiments of protein science. The EGFP and DsRed monomer (mDsRed)-coding sequences were amplified by PCR and cloned into pMAL (MBP-EGFP) or pT7His (His[subscript 10]-mDsRed) prokaryotic expression vectors. Then the fluorescent proteins were expressed in Rosetta (DE3) pLysS by IPTG induction or autoinduction. We purified the fluorescent proteins by affinity chromatography (Amylose and metal ion-chelating column), anion-exchange chromatography (High Q column), size exclusive chromatography (Sephacryl S-200 column), and hydrophobic interaction chromatography (Methyl HIC column) to exhibit the protein-purification techniques. After purification, the fusion protein MBP-EGFP was cleaved by TEV protease. The recombinant mDsRed protein was crystallized by hanging drop vapor diffusion technique to show students the basic operation of crystallization. The whole procedure can be monitored real time by naked eyes when using fluorescent proteins. The demonstration of expression, purification, crystallization, and protease cleavage became much more vivid and interesting, which greatly deepened the students' understanding of modern protein-science techniques. (Contains 5 figures, 2 tables, and 1 footnote.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A