ERIC Number: EJ791068
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Compliance of Children with Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disability to Treadmill Walking: A Pilot Study
Vashdi, E.; Hutzler, Y.; Roth, D.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v52 n5 p371-379 May 2008
Background: Individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID) exhibit reduced levels of compliance to exercise, including treadmill walking. The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of several training conditions on compliance to participation in treadmill walking of children with moderate to severe ID. Method: Criteria for compliance were the averaged number of times participants attempted to discontinue walking during two 5-min exercise sessions of treadmill walking at an intensity of 65-75% of predicted maximal HR. Fifteen children aged 5-11 with moderate to severe ID participated in the study. Training conditions were (a) close supervisor's position, (b) distant supervisor's position, (c) positive reinforcement, and (d) paired modeling. Results: General linear mixed model statistics revealed significant differences in favor of the paired modeling and positive reinforcement compared to the other conditions. Leaning forward was the most frequent type of participants' attempt to stop exercising. Conclusions: Paired modeling and positive reinforcement should be considered within treadmill training programs for children with moderate to severe ID.
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Mental Retardation, Positive Reinforcement, Supervisors, Compliance (Psychology), Exercise, Children, Statistical Analysis, Training
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A