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Leaf, Justin B.; Dale, Stephanie; Kassardjian, Alyne; Tsuji, Kathleen H.; Taubman, Mitchell; McEachin, John J.; Leaf, Ronald B.; Oppenheim-Leaf, Misty L. – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
One of the basic principles of applied behavior analysis is that behavior change is largely due to that behavior being reinforced. Therefore the use of positive reinforcement is a key component of most behavioral programs for individuals diagnosed with autism. In this study we compared four different classes of reinforcers (i.e., food, praise,…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Expressive Language, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Brendtro, Larry K.; Mitchell, Martin L. – Reclaiming Children and Youth, 2011
To reach responsible independence, young people must become invested in setting their life course. A rich history of research and practice shows that democratic group climates foster autonomy and prosocial behavior. This article explores principles and practices for creating positive peer cultures to develop strengths and help youth meet their…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Adolescent Development, Educational Principles, Educational Practices
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Carroll, Regina A.; Kodak, Tiffany; Adolf, Kari J. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2016
We used an adapted alternating treatments design to compare skill acquisition during discrete-trial instruction using immediate reinforcement, delayed reinforcement with immediate praise, and delayed reinforcement for 2 children with autism spectrum disorder. Participants acquired the skills taught with immediate reinforcement; however, delayed…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Positive Reinforcement, Children, Autism
Grant, Marquis C.; Crossen, Sharita Williams – Online Submission, 2014
The prevalence of autism and related disorders, now categorized under the common thread of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is increasing, with one in 88 children being diagnosed each year. With this increase in prevalence comes an urgent need for interventions that will address the behavioral and learning challenges faced by children with ASD in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inclusion, Regular and Special Education Relationship
Johnson, Lorenzo Cicero, Jr. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
There is an overrepresentation of African American males at an increased risk for facing punitive actions that eliminate them from a school's instructional environment (Darensbourg, Perez, & Blake, 2010). Out-of-school suspension should allow students to reflect upon their actions; however, in some instances the suspension causes students to…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Suspension, Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification
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Kwok, Sylvia Y. C. L.; Gu, Minmin; Kit, Katrina Tong Kai – Research on Social Work Practice, 2016
Purpose: The study aims to examine the effectiveness of a positive psychology group-based intervention program, incorporating elements of hope and gratitude, in decreasing depression and increasing life satisfaction among primary school students in Hong Kong. Method: A total of 68 children, with the Depression score of Chinese Hospital Anxiety and…
Descriptors: Child Health, Depression (Psychology), Life Satisfaction, Positive Reinforcement
Kimmel, Ellen; Silverman, Stuart – Journal of the Student Personnel Association for Teacher Education, 1975
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of a feedback method on certain aspects of interns' teaching performance. Results indicate the experimental group, which had been given positive feedback, gave significantly more positive verbal reinforcement to children than the control group. (Author/HMV)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Classroom Observation Techniques, Higher Education, Positive Reinforcement
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Chu, Szu-Yin – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2015
Positive Behaviour Intervention and Support (PBIS) is an evidence-based approach that has been proven to be effective in remediating problem behaviours in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the family-centred PBIS approach when involving Taiwanese families in the treatment of off-task and non-compliant…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Positive Reinforcement, Teaching Methods, Behavior Modification
Rooker, Griffin W.; Iwata, Brian A.; Harper, Jill M.; Fahmie, Tara A.; Camp, Erin M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2011
Functional analysis (FA) methodology is the most precise method for identifying variables that maintain problem behavior. Occasionally, however, results of an FA may be influenced by idiosyncratic sensitivity to aspects of the assessment conditions. For example, data from several studies suggest that inclusion of a tangible condition during an FA…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Reinforcement, Identification, Research Methodology
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Swain-Bradway, Jessica; Pinkney, Christopher; Flannery, K. Brigid – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2015
Schoolwide positive behavior interventions and supports (SWPBIS) are an increasingly popular framework for school improvement practices, but many high schools are still lagging behind their elementary counterparts. High school leadership teams can struggle with merging the SWPBIS framework with current operations, and there are limited examples of…
Descriptors: High Schools, Behavior Modification, Positive Reinforcement, Student Behavior
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Toussaint, Karen A.; Tiger, Jeffrey H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2012
Covert self-injurious behavior (i.e., behavior that occurs in the absence of other people) can be difficult to treat. Traditional treatments typically have involved sophisticated methods of observation and often have employed positive punishment procedures. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a variable momentary differential…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Reinforcement, Young Children, Males
Feshbach, Norma D. – 1973
The relationship between social class and patterns of reinforcement used by pre-school Israeli boys and girls and their mothers was investigated. Thirty lower and 30 middle class mothers instructed their own four year old in a simple task. These four year olds had previously taught a three year old a comparable task. Middle class children used…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence
Barton, Erin E.; Pokorski, Elizabeth A.; Sweeney, Erin M.; Velez, Marina; Gossett, Stephanie; Qiu, Jia; Flaherty, Celia; Domingo, Maddisen – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2018
We examined an intervention package using peer modeling, systematic prompting, and contingent reinforcement to increase the frequency and complexity of board game play and social behaviors in young children with disabilities. Four children with or at risk for disabilities participated with their typically developing peers. Results indicated a…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Modeling (Psychology), Reinforcement, Games
Knoll, Melissa – Exceptional Parent, 2007
Positive parenting focuses on developing proactive ways to teach and reinforce desirable behaviors, as opposed to focusing on reacting to and attempting to decrease negative behaviors. Dr. Sheldon Braaten, Executive Director of Behavioral Institute for Children and Adolescents, offers some keys for setting up and using a positive reinforcement…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Rewards, Positive Reinforcement, Parents
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Owens, Rhea L.; Patterson, Meagan M. – Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2013
Many studies have found benefits of positive psychological interventions, such as gratitude promotion or thinking about best possible selves, for adolescents and adults. Almost no research, however, has been conducted on the efficacy of such interventions for children. The authors' primary goal was to compare the outcomes of gratitude promotion…
Descriptors: Childrens Art, Self Esteem, Intervention, Control Groups
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