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ERIC Number: EJ1009570
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0961-205X
Integration of Behavioral Frequency and Intention Information in Young Children's Trait Attributions
Boseovski, Janet J.; Chiu, Korinne; Marcovitch, Stuart
Social Development, v22 n1 p38-57 Feb 2013
Two experiments examined three- to six-year-olds' use of frequency and intention information to make trait attributions and behavioral predictions. In experiment 1, participants were told a story about an actor who behaved positively once or four times on purpose or incidentally. Children were most likely to make trait-consistent behavioral predictions after hearing about several positive, intentional behaviors. Trait attributions were largely positive. Experiment 2 examined children's use of the same cues concerning negative behavioral outcomes. Participants tended to predict that actors who engaged in negative behavior would do so again, irrespective of intention, although younger children required more exemplars than older children. Participants were most likely to make negative trait attributions after hearing about multiple intentional behaviors; however, there was reluctance with age to describe actors as mean. Implications for children's "theory of personality" are discussed. (Contains 4 figures and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A