ERIC Number: EJ1051353
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Conscientiousness: Origins in Childhood?
Eisenberg, Nancy; Duckworth, Angela L.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Valiente, Carlos
Developmental Psychology, v50 n5 p1331-1349 May 2014
In this review, we evaluate developmental and personality research with the aim of determining whether the personality trait of conscientiousness can be identified in children and adolescents. After concluding that conscientiousness does emerge in childhood, we discuss the developmental origins of conscientiousness with a specific focus on self-regulation, academic motivation, and internalized compliance/internalization of standards. On the basis of the accumulated body of evidence, we conclude that self-regulation fosters conscientiousness later in life, both directly and via academic motivation and internalized compliance with norms. We argue that elements of conscientiousness are evident by early childhood; self-regulation skills are likely a core developmental component of conscientiousness; and despite the contribution of heredity to the aforementioned aspects of functioning, environmental factors likely contribute to conscientiousness.
Descriptors: Personality Studies, Personality Traits, Individual Characteristics, Child Development, Adolescents, Children, Adolescent Development, Self Control, Academic Achievement, Motivation, Compliance (Psychology), Standards, Social Attitudes, Self Management, Heredity, Environmental Influences, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Science Foundation; National Institute on Aging (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A