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ERIC Number: EJ997930
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0273-5024
Ninth Graders' Energy Balance Knowledge and Physical Activity Behavior: An Expectancy-Value Perspective
Chen, Senlin; Chen, Ang
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, v31 n4 p293-310 Oct 2012
Expectancy beliefs and task values are two essential motivators in physical education. This study was designed to identify the relation between the expectancy-value constructs (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995) and high school students' physical activity behavior as associated with their energy balance knowledge. High school students (N = 195) in two healthful-living programs (i.e., combination of physical and health education) responded to measures of expectancy-value motivation, energy balance knowledge, in-class physical activity, and after-school physical activity. The structural equation modeling confirmed positive impact from expectancy beliefs and interest value to in-class physical activity (Path coefficient range from 0.19 to 0.26, ps less than 0.01). Cost perception was found exerting a negative impact on after-school physical activity but a positive one on lower level of understanding of energy balance (Path coefficient range from -0.33 to -0.39, ps less than 0.01). The findings painted a complex but meaningful picture about the motivational impact of expectancy-value constructs on physical activity and energy balance knowledge. School healthful-living programs should create motivational environments that strengthen students' expectancy beliefs and interest value and alleviate their negative perceptions and experiences. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
Human Kinetics, Inc. 1607 North Market Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 800-474-4457; Fax: 217-351-1549; e-mail: info@hkusa.com; Web site: http://www.humankinetics.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A