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Jingling, Li; Tseng, Chia-Huei – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2013
In visual searches, stimuli following the law of good continuity attract attention to the global structure and receive attentional priority. Also, targets that have unique features are of high feature contrast and capture attention in visual search. We report on a salient global structure combined with a high orientation contrast to the…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Orientation, Accuracy
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Lovell, B.; Moss, M.; Wetherell, M. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2015
Background: The positive relationship between problem behaviours of children with additional complex needs and psychological distress in their caregivers has been widely evidenced. Fewer studies, however, have assessed the relationship between care recipients' problem behaviours and key physiological processes, relevant for the physical…
Descriptors: Correlation, Behavior Problems, Psychology, Psychological Patterns
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Mrazek, Michael D.; Smallwood, Jonathan; Franklin, Michael S.; Chin, Jason M.; Baird, Benjamin; Schooler, Jonathan W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2012
Tests of working memory capacity (WMC) and fluid intelligence (gF) are thought to capture variability in a crucial cognitive capacity that is broadly predictive of success, yet pinpointing the exact nature of this capacity is an area of ongoing controversy. We propose that mind-wandering is associated with performance on tests of WMC and gF,…
Descriptors: Evidence, Short Term Memory, Attention, Attention Control
Duverger, Philippe; Steffes, Erin M. – Metropolitan Universities, 2012
College students today watch more content, academic or not, on the Internet than on any other media. Consequently, the authors argue that using any of these media, especially YouTube.com in particular, is an effective way to not only reach students, but also capture their attention and interest while increasing retention of academic content. Using…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Web Sites, Course Content, Retention (Psychology)
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Watson, Derrick G.; Kunar, Melina A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
Visual search efficiency improves by presenting (previewing) one set of distractors before the target and remaining distractor items (D. G. Watson & G. W. Humphreys, 1997). Previous work has shown that this preview benefit is abolished if the old items change their shape when the new items are added (e.g., D. G. Watson & G. W. Humphreys,…
Descriptors: Blindness, Search Strategies, Attention, Visual Stimuli
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Flowers, J. H.; And Others – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 1981
Familiar letter sequences in noncued portions of a tachistoscopic display were shown to reduce accuracy of partial report. Findings suggest that familiarity may automatically direct attentional resources to a particular spatial region. Such attentional capture may be disruptive if the material is presented at another location. (Author/RD)
Descriptors: Attention Control, Cognitive Processes, Cues, Higher Education
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Asplund, Christopher L.; Todd, J. Jay; Snyder, A. P.; Gilbert, Christopher M.; Marois, Rene – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
The cost of attending to a visual event can be the failure to consciously detect other events. This processing limitation is well illustrated by the attentional blink paradigm, in which searching for and attending to a target presented in a rapid serial visual presentation stream of distractors can impair one's ability to detect a second target…
Descriptors: Blindness, Vision, Attention, Stimuli
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Trick, Leanne; Hogarth, Lee; Duka, Theodora – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
Attentional capture and behavioral control by conditioned stimuli have been dissociated in animals. The current study assessed this dissociation in humans. Participants were trained on a Pavlovian schedule in which 3 visual stimuli, A, B, and C, predicted the occurrence of an aversive noise with 90%, 50%, or 10% probability, respectively.…
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Prediction, Visual Stimuli, Acoustics
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Harrison, Neil R.; McCann, Amy – Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 2014
Attentional bias plays an important role in the development and maintenance of alcohol addiction, and has often been measured with a visual probe task, where reaction times are compared for probes replacing either a substance-related cue or a neutral cue. Systematic low-level differences between image classes are a potential cause of low internal…
Descriptors: Color, Attention, Addictive Behavior, Alcohol Abuse
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Brockmole, James R.; Boot, Walter R. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
Distinctive aspects of a scene can capture attention even when they are irrelevant to one's goals. The authors address whether visually unique, unexpected, but task-irrelevant features also tend to hold attention. Observers searched through displays in which the color of each item was irrelevant. At the start of search, all objects changed color.…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Attention, Objectives, Color
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Was, Christopher A.; Al-Harthy, Ibrahim; Stack-Oden, Maura; Isaacson, Randall M. – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2009
Introduction: Two constructs that have received a great deal of attention in Educational Psychology research are Achievement Orientation and Identity Status. However, the relationship between these two constructs has not received the attention that the current researcher feel is warranted. The impetus for the current study is the paucity of…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Educational Psychology, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement
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Wetzel, Nicole; Widmann, Andreas; Schroger, Erich – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2012
Unexpected and task-irrelevant sounds can capture our attention and may cause distraction effects reflected by impaired performance in a primary task unrelated to the perturbing sound. The present auditory-visual oddball study examines the effect of the informational content of a sound on the performance in a visual discrimination task. The…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Attention, Visual Discrimination, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Donk, Mieke; Soesman, Leroy – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
Salient objects in the visual field tend to capture attention. The present study aimed to examine the time-course of salience effects using a probe-detection task. Eight experiments investigated how the salience of different orientation singletons affected probe reaction time as a function of stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) between the…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Experiments, Investigations, Attention Control
Filippelli, Cristina E. M. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
In the coming decades, the elderly population in United States (U.S.) is expected to grow significantly (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1996). Consequently, the number of older individuals seeking mental health services will be greater than at any other time in the history of the U.S. The field of clinical psychology, however, is unable to meet the…
Descriptors: Student Interests, Older Adults, Interviews, Therapy
Brock, Stephen E.; Hart, Shelley R. – Communique, 2013
Identified by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013a) as "One of the most important changes in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders …" (DSM-5; para. 1), the autism criteria have been the source of much attention in the popular press. Consequently, it will not be surprising to find…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Asperger Syndrome
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