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Showing 31 to 45 of 139 results Save | Export
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Eimer, Martin; Kiss, Monika; Press, Clare; Sauter, Disa – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
We investigated the roles of top-down task set and bottom-up stimulus salience for feature-specific attentional capture. Spatially nonpredictive cues preceded search arrays that included a color-defined target. For target-color singleton cues, behavioral spatial cueing effects were accompanied by cue-induced N2pc components, indicative of…
Descriptors: Cues, Brain, Visual Perception, Experiments
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Wyble, Brad; Bowman, Howard; Potter, Mary C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
Transient attention to a visually salient cue enhances processing of a subsequent target in the same spatial location between 50 to 150 ms after cue onset (K. Nakayama & M. Mackeben, 1989). Do stimuli from a categorically defined target set, such as letters or digits, also generate transient attention? Participants reported digit targets among…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Cues
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Huang, Liqiang; Mo, Lei; Li, Ying – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2012
A large part of the empirical research in the field of visual attention has focused on various concrete paradigms. However, as yet, there has been no clear demonstration of whether or not these paradigms are indeed measuring the same underlying construct. We collected a very large data set (nearly 1.3 million trials) to address this question. We…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Short Term Memory, Individual Differences
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Shih, Shui-I – Cognitive Psychology, 2008
An attention cascade model is proposed to account for attentional blinks in rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli. Data were collected using single characters in a single RSVP stream at 10 Hz [Shih, S., & Reeves, A. (2007). "Attentional capture in rapid serial visual presentation." "Spatial Vision", 20(4), 301-315], and single words,…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Competition, Children, Memory
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Costanzo, Marina L.; Costanzo, Mark A. – Teaching of Psychology, 2013
The prediction of dangerousness and the insanity defense are two areas where psychologists provide research-based expertise to the courts. Teachers of psychology can use these topics to capture the attention of students and to show how psychological research and theory can inform and influence the legal system. Specifically, teachers can use the…
Descriptors: Clinical Psychology, Psychology, Crime, Court Litigation
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Hunt, Amelia R.; von Muhlenen, Adrian; Kingstone, Alan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2007
Eye movements are often misdirected toward a distractor when it appears abruptly, an effect known as oculomotor capture. Fundamental differences between eye movements and attention have led to questions about the relationship of oculomotor capture to the more general effect of sudden onsets on performance, known as attentional capture. This study…
Descriptors: Human Body, Eye Movements, Attention Control, Motor Reactions
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Becker, Stefanie I. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2007
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether costs invoked by the presence of an irrelevant singleton distractor in a visual search task are due to attentional capture by the irrelevant singleton or spatially unrelated filtering costs. Measures of spatial effects were based on distance effects, compatibility effects, and differences…
Descriptors: Costs, Information Retrieval, Search Strategies, Attention
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Simola, Jaana; Kuisma, Jarmo; Oorni, Anssi; Uusitalo, Liisa; Hyona, Jukka – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2011
Human vision is sensitive to salient features such as motion. Therefore, animation and onset of advertisements on Websites may attract visual attention and disrupt reading. We conducted three eye tracking experiments with authentic Web pages to assess whether (a) ads are efficiently ignored, (b) ads attract overt visual attention and disrupt…
Descriptors: Animation, Attention, Internet, Advertising
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Becker, Stefanie I. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2010
Current models of visual search assume that visual attention can be guided by tuning attention toward specific feature values (e.g., particular size, color) or by inhibiting the features of the irrelevant nontargets. The present study demonstrates that attention and eye movements can also be guided by a relational specification of how the target…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Attention Control, Guidance, Models
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Olivers, Christian N. L.; Humphreys, Glyn W. – Cognitive Psychology, 2003
This paper is concerned with how we prioritize the selection of new objects in visual scenes. We present four experiments investigating the effects of distractor previews on visual search through new objects. Participants viewed a set of to-be-ignored nontargets, with the task being to search for a target in a second set, added to the first after…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Task Analysis, Color, Attention
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Wee, Serena; Chua, Fook K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2004
Four experiments addressed the question of whether attention may be captured when the visual system is in the midst of an attentional blink (AB). Participants identified 2 target letters embedded among distractor letters in a rapid serial visual presentation sequence. In some trials, a square frame was inserted between the targets; as the only…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Attention, Visual Discrimination, Visual Perception
Alotaibi, Hmoud – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The genre of the research article has attracted the attention of researchers, particularly after the research conducted by Swales (1981). In 1990, Swales introduced the Create a Research Space (CARS) model which consists of three rhetorical moves (i.e. units): Move 1: creating a research territory, Move 2: establishing a niche, and Move 3:…
Descriptors: Documentation, Journal Articles, Comparative Analysis, Semitic Languages
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Horstmann, Gernot – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2005
Eight experiments examined the conditions under which a color singleton that is presented for the 1st time without prior announcement captures attention. The main hypothesis is that an unannounced singleton captures attention to the extent that it deviates from expectations. This hypothesis was tested within a visual-search paradigm in which…
Descriptors: Attention, Color, Experimental Psychology, Expectation
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Remillard, Gilbert – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2009
Learning the structure of a sequence of target locations when target location is not the response dimension and the sequence of target locations is uncorrelated with the sequence of responses is called pure perceptual-based sequence learning. The paradigm introduced by G. Remillard (2003) was used to determine whether orienting of visuospatial…
Descriptors: Sequential Learning, Role, Attention, Visual Perception
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Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J. S.; De Houwer, Jan; De Ruiter, Karen; Ajzenstzen, Michal; Holland, Sarah – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2004
Background: The selective attention of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) to briefly exposed delay-related cues was examined in two experiments using a dot-probe conditioning paradigm. Method: Colour cues were paired with negatively (i.e., imposition of delay) and positively valenced cues (i.e., escape from or avoidance…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Cues, Models, Attention
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