ERIC Number: EJ1092735
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Can Creativity Predict Cognitive Reserve?
Palmiero, Massimiliano; Di Giacomo, Dina; Passafiume, Domenico
Journal of Creative Behavior, v50 n1 p7-23 Mar 2016
Cognitive reserve relies on the ability to effectively cope with aging and brain damage by using alternate processes to approach tasks when standard approaches are no longer available. In this study, the issue if creativity can predict cognitive reserve has been explored. Forty participants (mean age: 61 years) filled out: the Cognitive Reserve Index questionnaire, the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking in visual and verbal form, Raven's Progressive Matrices (PM38), and the Verbal Judgments Test. The analysis revealed that all indices of verbal creativity were positively correlated with indices of cognitive reserve, except with cognitive reserve related to working activity. However, using the composite score of verbal creativity, all indices of cognitive reserve were predicted, including the index related to working activity. These results show that verbal creativity could be considered as another proxy indicator of cognitive reserve, and open to the hypothesis that verbal creativity enhances cognitive reserve and sustains active aging.
Descriptors: Creativity, Correlation, Predictor Variables, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Aging (Individuals), Older Adults, Neurological Impairments, Creativity Tests, Creative Thinking, Intelligence Tests, Scores, Creative Activities, Verbal Development, Foreign Countries, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices; Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking