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De Lisle, Jerome; McMillan-Solomon, Sabrina – Education 3-13, 2017
This study was designed to uncover and evaluate unintended and indirect consequences of using the "Secondary Entrance Assessment" ("SEA") in Trinidad and Tobago for high-stakes selection and placement. A major argument is that the test-taker is central to consequences, both intended and unintended. Data were obtained from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High Stakes Tests, Preadolescents, Student Placement
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Shen, Jianping; Gao, Xingyuan; Xia, Jiangang – Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 2017
The notion of schools as "loosely coupled" organizations has been widely discussed in the research literature. Many argue it is either a protective mechanism for schools to buffer external pressure or a barrier for implementing new reforms. Against the backdrop of systemic change and accountability, we applied a two-level hierarchical…
Descriptors: Schools, Educational Change, Accountability, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
Narayan, Angela J.; Thomas, Melanie; Nau, Melissa; Rivera, Luisa M.; Harris, William W.; Bernstein, Rosemary E.; Castro, Gloria; Lieberman, Alicia F.; Gantt, Tahnee – ZERO TO THREE, 2017
The prenatal period represents an opportunity to buffer the intergenerational transmission of adversity through integrated, comprehensive perinatal health services for women experiencing high levels of adversity and clinical symptoms. This article presents preliminary descriptive data, drawn from an ongoing clinical research study, on prenatal…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Mothers, Health Needs, At Risk Persons
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Pizarro Milian, Roger; Davies, Scott – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2017
For over 25 years, school choice advocates have argued that market competition drives educational organizations to become more differentiated and technically-oriented. However, empirical research has only partially supported this view, observing such outcomes only under certain conditions. To better understand the contingent nature of market…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Private Schools, Competition, School Choice
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Baddeley, Alan D. – Second Language Research, 2017
The concept of modularity is used to contrast the approach to working memory proposed by Truscott with the Baddeley and Hitch multicomponent model. This proposes four sub components comprising the "central executive," an executive control system of limited attentional capacity that utilises storage based on separate but interlinked…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Executive Function, Phonology, Visual Perception
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Walter, Melissa Clucas; Lippard, Christine N. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2017
We examined changes in teachers' beliefs regarding developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) in 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experience Survey. In addition, we examined how teacher education, credentials, and professional experience relate to beliefs about DAP and explored how these relationships…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Beliefs, Teacher Characteristics, Time Factors (Learning)
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Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Vaughn, Michael G.; Maynard, Brandy R.; Clark, Trenette T.; Snyder, Susanna – Youth & Society, 2017
While it is well understood that adolescent religiosity is associated with the use and abuse of licit and illicit substances, few studies have revealed the pathways through which religiosity buffers youth against involvement in such behavior. The aim of this study is to examine the complexity of the relationships between religiosity, sensation…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Religion, Substance Abuse, Resilience (Psychology)
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Ho, Sammy K. – Educational Psychology, 2017
In this study, we report on the relationship between positive humour and burnout among 379 secondary school teachers in Hong Kong, and explore whether the relationship varies according to gender. The moderating effects of both affiliative and self-enhancing humour on each burnout component were then examined. High affiliative and self-enhancing…
Descriptors: Correlation, Stress Variables, Teacher Burnout, Humor
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Fredrick, Stephanie Secord; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick; Jenkins, Lyndsay N. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
Adolescent stressors coupled with environmental demands, such as pressures to achieve, might lead to negative outcomes for some students. Students who worry about their ability to meet high standards might be more at risk of internalizing problems. The current study investigated the relations among perfectionism, social support, and internalizing…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Behavior Problems, Regression (Statistics), Stress Variables
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Rose, Chad A.; Gage, Nicholas A. – Exceptional Children, 2017
Students with disabilities are disproportionately involved within the bullying dynamic. Few studies have investigated the bullying involvement of youth with disabilities over time. The current study evaluated the victimization and perpetration rates of 6,531 students in Grades 3 through 12, including 16% with disabilities, over the course of 3…
Descriptors: Bullying, Disabilities, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
Ullrich, Rebecca; Cole, Patricia; Gebhard, Barbara; Matthews, Hannah; Schmit, Stephanie – ZERO TO THREE, 2017
Because the earliest years of life are a period of incredible growth, they present an opportunity to shape strong and positive development. Good health, secure and stable families, and positive early learning environments are necessary to foster children's physical, intellectual, and social-emotional development during this significant period. Yet…
Descriptors: Young Children, Educational Policy, Infants, Toddlers
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Goodlett, Benjamin D.; Trentacosta, Christopher J.; McLear, Caitlin; Crespo, Laura; Wheeler, Rebecca; Williams, Alexis; Chaudhry, Kiren; Smith-Darden, Joanne – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal depressive symptoms predict negative child behaviors, including internalizing problems. However, protective factors, such as positive emotionality and positive parenting behaviors, may play an important a role in attenuating associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child behavior problems. This article presents two studies…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), At Risk Persons
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Li, Angran; Fischer, Mary J. – Sociology of Education, 2017
This article examines the relationship between parental networks and parental school involvement during the elementary school years. Using a large, nationally representative data set of elementary school students--the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort--and contextual data from the 2000 U.S. Census, our multilevel analysis…
Descriptors: Correlation, Social Networks, Network Analysis, Elementary School Students
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White, David W. – Technology and Engineering Teacher, 2015
In 1984, James Buffer and Michael Scott produced the book "Special Needs Guide for Technology Education" (Buffer and Scott, 1984). This was a pivotal offering insofar as it set the stage for technology education educators, at the time, to think about and be provided with information regarding students with special needs in their…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Special Needs Students, Technology Education, Engineering Education
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Lutz, Kristin F.; Burnson, Cynthia; Hane, Amanda; Samuelson, Anne; Maleck, Sarah; Poehlmann, Julie – Family Relations, 2012
The study investigated family support as a buffer of stress in 153 mothers and preterm toddlers. Data were collected regarding maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and family support; infant health; and videotaped mother-child interactions. Although more parenting stress related to less optimal child play, only information support…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Depression (Psychology), Play, Child Rearing
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