ERIC Number: EJ1037081
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
The Concept of Public Goods, the State, and Higher Education Finance: A View from the BRICs
Carnoy, Martin; Froumin, Isak; Loyalka, Prashant K.; Tilak, Jandhyala B.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, v68 n3 p359-378 Sep 2014
Because higher education serves both public and private interests, the way it is conceived and financed is contested politically, appearing in different forms in different societies. What is public and private in education is a political--social construct, subject to various political forces, primarily interpreted through the prism of the state. Mediated through the state, this construct can change over time as the economic and social context of higher education changes. In this paper, we analyze through the state's financing of higher education how it changes as a public/private good and the forces that impinge on states to influence such changes. To illustrate our arguments, we discuss trends in higher education financing in the BRIC countries--Brazil, Russia, India, and China. We show that in addition to increased privatization of higher education financing, BRIC states are increasingly differentiating the financing of elite and non-elite institutions.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Finance, Educational Change, Higher Education, Political Influences, Selective Admission, Economic Factors, Social Environment, Trend Analysis, Privatization, Public Colleges, State Universities, Financial Support, Government Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil; China; India; Russia