ERIC Number: EJ1164892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Comparing Measures of General and Abdominal Adiposity as Predictors of Blood Pressure in College Students
Abshire, Demetrius A.; Mudd-Martin, Gia; Moser, Debra K.; Lennie, Terry A.
Journal of American College Health, v66 n1 p51-60 2018
Objective: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. Participants: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 to May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. Methods: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured. Covariates were measured using self-reported questionnaires. Hierarchical multiple linear regressions were used for the data analysis. Results: All anthropometric measures were predictive of systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). WC was the strongest predictor of SBP (ß = 0.582, p < 0.01) explaining an additional 3-4% of the variance than BMI, WHtR, or SAD. The measures were similar in predicting DBP. WC predicted SBP independent of BMI. Conclusions: Clinicians should consider using WC to assess the risk for hypertension in college students.
Descriptors: College Students, Body Composition, Body Weight, Body Height, Predictor Variables, Questionnaires, Regression (Statistics), Hypertension, Measures (Individuals), Physical Activity Level, Eating Habits, Behavior Problems, Risk, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Student Characteristics, Correlation, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; Brief Symptom Inventory