ERIC Number: ED344668
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
The Relationship between Birth Order and Academic Achievement.
Cherry, Crystal M.
This paper reviews the literature on the relationship between birth order and several variables, especially academic achievement. One study found a relationship between leadership skills and birth order for males. Several studies found no relationship between birth order and academic achievement; grade point average; self-esteem; locus of control scores; and scores on the Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning-Revised test. Some of the studies did find relationships between academic achievement and variables other than birth order, such as parents' educational level. Two studies determined that first-born children received more parental interaction and more affectionate and caretaking behaviors from their mothers than did other children. Other studies indicated that first-born children: (1) had higher academic achievement after a relocation; (2) had higher grade point averages; (3) made up a larger proportion of the college population; and (4) scored higher on standardized tests of verbal aptitude. It is concluded that there is a relationship between birth order and academic achievement. Spacing children's ages can offset the advantage of the first-born. Parental interaction with a child and the parents' educational background influence the child's academic achievement. An 18-item bibliography is provided. (BC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A