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ERIC Number: EJ890284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
Discriminant Validity of Self-Reported Emotional Intelligence: A Multitrait-Multisource Study
Joseph, Dana L.; Newman, Daniel A.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v70 n4 p672-694 Aug 2010
A major stumbling block for emotional intelligence (EI) research has been the lack of adequate evidence for discriminant validity. In a sample of 280 dyads, self- and peer-reports of EI and Big Five personality traits were used to confirm an a priori four-factor model for the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) and a five-factor model for Goldberg's International Personality Item Pool (IPIP). After demonstrating measurement equivalence between self-report and peer-report for both scales, the authors show discriminant validity between the four EI subfacets and Big Five personality traits. This is accomplished through a series of structural equation models fit to the mutitrait-multimethod matrix. Despite their conclusion of discriminant validity, the authors note strong latent correlations between Others' Emotion Appraisal and trait Agreeableness (phi = 0.87), between Use of Emotion and trait Conscientiousness (phi = 0.73), between Regulation of Emotion and trait Neuroticism (phi = -0.66), and between Self Emotion Appraisal and trait Neuroticism (phi = -0.66). There is also post hoc evidence of potential leniency in self-reported emotion regulation. Results point to the utility of peer-report methods as well as the relative construct validity of various subfacets of self-reported emotional competence. (Contains 5 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A