ERIC Number: EJ768298
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Evaluative Pressure in Mothers: Effects of Situation, Maternal, and Child Characteristics on Autonomy Supportive versus Controlling Behavior
Grolnick, Wendy S.; Price, Carrie E.; Beiswenger, Krista L.; Sauck, Christine C.
Developmental Psychology, v43 n4 p991-1002 Jul 2007
This study examined the effects of situational pressure and maternal characteristics (social contingent self-worth, controlling parenting attitudes) on mothers' autonomy support versus control in the social domain. Sixty 4th-grade children and their mothers worked on a laboratory task in preparation for meeting new children, with mothers in either an evaluation (mothers told their child would be evaluated by other children) or no-evaluation (no mention of evaluation) condition. Mothers in the evaluation condition spent more time giving answers to their children. Mothers with controlling parenting attitudes exhibited more controlling behavior. Further, mothers with high social contingent self-worth in the evaluation condition were most controlling. Results suggest the importance of interactions between situations and maternal characteristics in determining levels of mothers' autonomy support versus control and have implications for helping parents support children's autonomy.
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Grade 4, Individual Characteristics, Self Esteem, Parenting Styles, Mother Attitudes, Personal Autonomy, Interaction Process Analysis, Context Effect, Attribution Theory, Peer Evaluation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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