ERIC Number: EJ1130169
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effect of Pivotal Response Treatment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Non-Randomized Study with a Blinded Outcome Measure
Duifhuis, E. A.; den Boer, J. C.; Doornbos, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Oosterling, I. J.; Klip, H.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n2 p231-242 Feb 2017
Purpose of this quasi-experimental trial was to investigate the effect of Pivotal response treatment (PRT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on autism symptoms. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), aged 3-8 years, received either PRT (n = 11) or TAU (n = 13). Primary outcome measure was the total score on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule at pre- and posttreatment. Additionally, general problem behavior and parental stress levels were measured. Children in the PRT condition improved on the primary outcome measure compared to the TAU group with a small effect size [partial ?2 = 0.22 (95 % CI 0.00-0.46)]. Neither group demonstrated significant changes in the secondary outcomes. This study suggests that PRT may improve autism symptoms in children with ASD over TAU.
Descriptors: Disabilities, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Outcome Measures, Quasiexperimental Design, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Check Lists, Child Behavior, Cognitive Ability, Young Children, Motor Development, Achievement Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Child Behavior Checklist; Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Wechsler Individual Achievement Test