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Oswald, Donald P.; Haworth, Shannon M.; Mackenzie, Bernadette K.; Willis, Janet H. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Parents report that the process of getting an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis is arduous, lengthy, and fraught with difficulties. This analysis of the Pathways survey data set examined the experiences of parents who said, at the time of the survey, that their child currently had ASD compared with parents who said, at the time of the…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Comparative Analysis, Developmental Disabilities
Raches, Christine M.; Hines, Elesia N.; Tomlin, Angela M. – ZERO TO THREE, 2019
Accurate diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) at an early age is increasingly sought so that the child and family can access early intervention and supports. However, not all children neatly fit into the diagnostic criteria for ASD, and additional assessment and supports are often required as providers continue to evaluate the possibility…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Identification, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Linton, Kristen Faye; Krcek, Taylor E.; Sensui, Leonard M.; Spillers, Jessica L. H. – Research on Social Work Practice, 2014
Purpose: Autistic disorder (AD), Asperger's syndrome (AS), and pervasive developmental disorder--not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) have been removed from the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--Fifth Edition" ("DSM-5"). It now contains the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis. This study assessed…
Descriptors: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Clinical Diagnosis, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Barrio, Brenda L.; Hsiao, Yun-Ju; Prishker, Nydia; Terry, Callie – Multicultural Learning and Teaching, 2019
Despite the increasing number of children from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds in the United States, limited research exists synthesizing what is known about the prevalence and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in these communities. Children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Soke, Gnakub N.; Maenner, M. J.; Christensen, D.; Kurzius-Spencer, M.; Schieve, L. A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We compared early-diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (defined as diagnosis by age 4 years) between the 2002 and 2006 birth cohorts, in five sites of the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. In the 2002 cohort, the prevalence/1000 of early-diagnosed ASD was half the 8-year-old prevalence (7.2 vs. 14.7, prevalence ratio…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence, Clinical Diagnosis
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Flanagan, Helen E.; Smith, Isabel M.; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Duku, Eric; Szatmari, Peter; Bryson, Susan; Fombonne, Eric; Mirenda, Pat; Roberts, Wendy; Volden, Joanne; Waddell, Charlotte; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bennett, Teresa; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Georgiades, Stelios – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
We examined the stability of cognitive and adaptive behaviour standard scores in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between diagnosis and school entry approximately age 6. IQ increased 18 points in 2-year-olds, 12 points in 3-year-olds, and 9 points in 4-year-olds (N = 281). Adaptive behaviour scores increased 4 points across age groups…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Mental Retardation
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Barton, Marianne L.; Robins, Diana L.; Jashar, Dasal; Brennan, Laura; Fein, Deborah – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis is based on behavioral presentation; changes in conceptual models or defining behaviors may significantly impact diagnosis and uptake of ASD-specific interventions. The literature examining impact of DSM-5 criteria is equivocal. Toddlers may be especially vulnerable to the stringent requirements of…
Descriptors: Disability Identification, Criteria, Autism, Early Intervention
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Williams, Takeshia V.; Hartmann, Kathrin; Paulson, James F.; Raffaele, C. Teal; Urbano, Maria R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to understand how caregiver stress and coping behaviors impact African American and Euro-American families differently when caring for a child with autism. This study used discriminate function analysis to contrast the stress and coping profiles of Euro-American caregivers who are more acculturated with the…
Descriptors: Coping, Stress Variables, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wilson, C. Ellie; Gillan, Nicola; Spain, Deborah; Robertson, Dene; Roberts, Gedeon; Murphy, Clodagh M.; Maltezos, Stefanos; Zinkstok, Janneke; Johnston, Katie; Dardani, Christina; Ohlsen, Chris; Deeley, P. Quinton; Craig, Michael; Mendez, Maria A.; Happé, Francesca; Murphy, Declan G. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis is often used to access services. We investigated whether ASD diagnostic outcome varied when DSM-5 was used compared to ICD-10R and DSM-IV-TR in a clinical sample of 150 intellectually able adults. Of those diagnosed with an ASD using ICD-10R, 56% met DSM-5 ASD criteria. A further 19% met DSM-5 (draft)…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Belva, Brian C.; Matson, Johnny L.; Hattier, Megan A.; Kozlowski, Allison M.; Bamburg, Jay W. – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2012
The "Autism Spectrum Disorders-Diagnosis for Adults" ("ASD-DA") is a standardized assessment used to measure autistic symptomatology in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). In order to further establish the validity of this measure, convergent validity of the "ASD-DA" was established by comparing…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Autism, Validity, Behavior Rating Scales
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Little, Lauren M.; Wallisch, Anna; Salley, Brenda; Jamison, Rene – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Given that early caregiver concerns may be different for children who go on to receive a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder versus another developmental disability, early caregiver concerns may differ for girls. Using a community-based sample of children (n = 241), we examined the extent to which gender differences may be related to caregiver…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Grinker, Roy R.; Kang-Yi, Christina D.; Ahmann, Chloe; Beidas, Rinad S.; Lagman, Adrienne; Mandell, David S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
In order to connect with families and influence treatment trajectories, outreach materials should address cultural perceptions of the condition, its causes, and post-diagnostic care. This paper describes the cultural adaptation and translation of the Autism Speaks First 100 Days Kit into Korean for the purpose of improving autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Translation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cultural Awareness
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Zander, Eric; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The possible effect of the DSM-5 impairment criterion on diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children was examined in 127 children aged 20-47 months with a DSM-IV-TR clinical consensus diagnosis of ASD. The composite score of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) served as a proxy for the DSM-5 impairment criterion. When…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Identification
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Hidalgo, Nina Jamilette; McIntyre, Laura Lee; McWhirter, Ellen Hawley – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2015
Background: The diagnostic process for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult for families. Growing evidence suggests that the diagnostic process may vary as a function of sociodemographic factors, such as socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study was to extend findings related to families' experiences obtaining a diagnosis and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Young Children, Satisfaction
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Clark, Megan Louise Erin; Vinen, Zoe; Barbaro, Josephine; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is considered best practice, increasing access to early intervention. Yet, many children are diagnosed after 3-years. The current study investigated the school age outcomes of children who received an early and later diagnosis of ASD. The cognitive and behavioural outcomes of children diagnosed early (n…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Early Intervention, Disability Identification
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