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Williams, Betty Fry; Williams, Randy Lee – Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2011
"Effective Programs for Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder" is written for teachers, parents, and the many service providers who work with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Part one reviews the characteristics of ASD, summarizes major theories and research findings regarding cause(s) of ASD, and discusses the most popular…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Program Effectiveness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Bicehouse, Vaughn L. – Journal of Case Studies in Education, 2012
In 2007, the Autism Society of America (ASA) estimated that 1.5 million Americans and their families were affected by autism. As the current ASD prevalence rates continue to rise (10%-17% each year) so does the awareness that ASD is no respecter of persons. ASD touches children of every racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic background. Additionally,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Profiles, Case Studies
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities, 2010
Each of the disorders on the autism spectrum is a neurological disorder that affects a child's ability to communicate, understand language, play, and relate to others. They share some or all of the following characteristics, which can vary from mild to severe: (1) Communication problems (for example, with the use or comprehension of language); (2)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disabilities, Educational Legislation
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Duerden, Emma G.; Oatley, Hannah K.; Mak-Fan, Kathleen M.; McGrath, Patricia A.; Taylor, Margot J.; Szatmari, Peter; Roberts, S. Wendy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
While self-injurious behaviors (SIB) can cause significant morbidity for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about its associated risk factors. We assessed 7 factors that may influence self-injury in a large cohort of children with ASD: (a) atypical sensory processing; (b) impaired cognitive ability; (c) abnormal…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Injuries, At Risk Persons, Self Destructive Behavior
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Lieberman, Rebecca G.; Yoder, Paul – Journal of Early Intervention, 2012
The association between object play and intentional communication was examined in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Meta-analysis of concurrent and longitudinal correlational studies revealed significant associations between object play and intentional communication in young children with ASD. One well-conducted and internally valid,…
Descriptors: Play, Early Intervention, Autism, Young Children
Schoenfeld, Jane – Exceptional Parent, 2011
The author's daughter has an autism spectrum disorder, as well as numerous other medical conditions. Like all parents of kids with special needs, she has spent enormous amounts of time and energy on hospital stays, therapies, and advocacy. She has also taken some time to participate in research. First and foremost, she wants to be aware of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Research, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
Nwokeafor, Cosmas U. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2009
Autism is a brain development disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction, communication, restricted and repetitive behavior which starts before a child is three years old. As a result of the outcome of set of signs such as restricted and repetitive behaviors, autism distinguishes itself from milder Autism Spectrum Disorders…
Descriptors: Etiology, Autism, Interpersonal Relationship, Genetics
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Caglayan, Ahmet O. – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2010
Aims: Over the past decade, genetic tests have become available for numerous heritable disorders, especially those whose inheritance follows the Mendelian model. Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) represent a group of developmental disorders with a strong genetic basis. During the past few years, genetic research in ASDs has been successful in…
Descriptors: Autism, Testing, Genetics, Therapy
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Sicherman, Nachum; Loewenstein, George; Tavassoli, Teresa; Buxbaum, Joseph D. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This pilot study estimates the effects of family structure on age of diagnosis, with the goal of identifying factors that may accelerate or delay diagnosis. We conducted an online survey with 477 parents of children with autism. In addition, we carried out novel, follow-up surveys of 196 "friends and family," who were referred by…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Age, Clinical Diagnosis, Autism
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Hassan, Tamer H.; Abdelrahman, Hadeel M.; Fattah, Nelly R. Abdel; El-Masry, Nagda M.; Hashim, Haitham M.; El-Gerby, Khaled M.; Fattah, Nermin R. Abdel – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2013
Despite of the great efforts that move forward to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms in autism, the cause of this disorder, however, remains largely unknown. There is an increasing body of literature concerning neurochemical contributions to the pathophysiology of autism. We aimed to determine blood and brain levels of glutamate in children…
Descriptors: Brain, Pathology, Autism, Correlation
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Szymanski, Christen A. – Odyssey: New Directions in Deaf Education, 2012
The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)--a group of developmental disabilities that cause severe problems with socialization, behavior, and communication--continues to grow. In 2008, the year that "Odyssey" focused on autism, the estimated prevalence of ASD for hearing children was 1 in 150 (CDC, 2007), while today estimates suggest…
Descriptors: Autism, Partial Hearing, Deafness, Developmental Disabilities
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Leekam, Susan R.; Prior, Margot R.; Uljarevic, Mirko – Psychological Bulletin, 2011
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorders. They constitute a major barrier to learning and social adaptation, but research on their definition, cause, and capacity for change has been relatively neglected. The last decade of research has brought new measurement techniques that have improved the…
Descriptors: Classification, Severity (of Disability), Early Intervention, Autism
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Langan, Mary – Disability & Society, 2011
Parents of children with autism have played a prominent role in controversies surrounding this condition. Parental voices were critical in challenging the "refrigerator mother" theory and more recently have attracted public attention for claims that autism may be caused by childhood vaccinations and that "unorthodox biomedical" treatments may…
Descriptors: Autism, Immunization Programs, Parents, Parent Participation
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Al Anbar, Nebal N.; Dardennes, Roland M.; Prado-Netto, Arthur; Kaye, Kelley; Contejean, Yves – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2010
A cross-sectional design was employed. Parents of a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) were asked to complete a modified version of the Revised Illness-Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-RA) and answer questions about information-seeking activities and treatments used. Internal consistency, construct validity, and factor structure were assessed.…
Descriptors: Parents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Attitudes
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Prontera, Paolo; Serino, Domenico; Caldini, Bernardo; Scarponi, Laura; Merla, Giuseppe; Testa, Giuseppe; Muti, Marco; Napolioni, Valerio; Mazzotta, Giovanni; Piccirilli, Massimo; Donti, Emilio – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The duplication of the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) region (7q11.23) is a copy number variant associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). One of the most intriguing aspects is that the reciprocal microdeletion causes WBS, characterized by hypersociability, marked empathy, and a relative capacity in verbal short-term memory and language.…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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