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ERIC Number: EJ1106093
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Preconceptional and Prenatal Supplementary Folic Acid and Multivitamin Intake and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Virk, Jasveer; Liew, Zeyan; Olsen, Jørn; Nohr, Ellen A.; Catov, Janet M.; Ritz, Beate
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v20 n6 p710-718 Aug 2016
Objective: To evaluate whether early folic acid supplementation during pregnancy prevents diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in offspring. Methods: Information on autism spectrum disorder diagnosis was obtained from the National Hospital Register and the Central Psychiatric Register. We estimated risk ratios for autism spectrum disorders for children whose mothers took folate or multivitamin supplements from 4 weeks prior from the last menstrual period through to 8 weeks after the last menstrual period (-4 to 8 weeks) by three 4-week periods. Results: We did not find an association between early folate or multivitamin intake for autism spectrum disorder (folic acid--adjusted risk ratio: 1.06, 95% confidence interval: 0.82-1.36; multivitamin--adjusted risk ratio: 1.00, 95% confidence interval: 0.82-1.22), autistic disorder (folic acid--adjusted risk ratio: 1.18, 95% confidence interval: 0.76-1.84; multivitamin--adjusted risk ratio: 1.22, 95% confidence interval: 0.87-1.69), Asperger's syndrome (folic acid--adjusted risk ratio: 0.85, 95% confidence interval: 0.46-1.53; multivitamin--adjusted risk ratio: 0.95, 95% confidence interval: 0.62-1.46), or pervasive developmental disorder--not otherwise specified (folic acid--adjusted risk ratio: 1.07, 95% confidence interval: 0.75-1.54; multivitamin--adjusted risk ratio: 0.87, 95% confidence interval: 0.65-1.17) compared with women reporting no supplement use in the same period. Conclusion: We did not find any evidence to corroborate previous reports of a reduced risk for autism spectrum disorders in offspring of women using folic acid supplements in early pregnancy.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles); Denmark