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Huang, Yunhe; Arnold, Samuel R. C.; Foley, Kitty-Rose; Trollor, Julian N. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
More adults are undergoing autism assessment due to recent changes in awareness, diagnostic criteria and professional practices. This scoping review aimed to summarise research on autism diagnosis in adulthood and identify any gaps for future study. The authors searched for studies involving first-time assessment and diagnosis of autism in adults,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Adults
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Eggleston, Matthew J. F.; Thabrew, Hiran; van der Meer, Larah; Waddington, Hannah; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O.; Evans, Kiah – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Recent studies of autism diagnosis in New Zealand have revealed inconsistent implementation of best practice standards in autism assessment and high rates of parental dissatisfaction with the diagnostic process. These findings have arisen despite the development and dissemination of the New Zealand Autism Spectrum Disorder Guideline (the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Riccio, Ariana; Kapp, Steven K.; Jordan, Allison; Dorelien, Anna Marie; Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
A large body of literature examines parental interpretations of their child's autism diagnosis. However, research examining intersections between parental disclosure of their child's autism diagnosis to their child and their child's identity development is lacking. The primary aim of this study was to analyze if parental decisions to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Parent Attitudes
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Downes, Naomi; Lichtlé, Jérôme; Lamore, Kristopher; Orêve, Marie-Joëlle; Cappe, Emilie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
After a child is diagnosed with autism, parents' relationships are impacted as they reorganize their daily lives to support their child's specific needs. A better understanding of parenting couples' adaptation is needed to accompany them during this period. This qualitative study explored couples' experiences after their child's autism diagnosis.…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Crane, Laura; Batty, Richard; Adeyinka, Hanna; Goddard, Lorna; Henry, Lucy A.; Hill, Elisabeth L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Accessing an autism diagnosis is a key milestone, both for an individual and their family. Using a qualitative methodology, the current study examined the views and experiences of ten autistic adults, ten parents of children on the autism spectrum, and ten professionals involved in autism diagnosis, all based in the United Kingdom (UK).…
Descriptors: Autism, Adults, Parents, Children
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Kelly, Brian; Williams, Stefan; Collins, Sylvie; Mushtaq, Faisal; Mon-Williams, Mark; Wright, Barry; Mason, Dan; Wright, John – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Correlation
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Gaffney, Joanne Claire – Educational & Child Psychology, 2020
Aim: To explore how adolescent females, who have an autism spectrum diagnosis, make sense of this diagnosis and how autism diagnosis has affected and influenced their sense of self or identity. Rationale: Educational Psychologists often work with children and young people who are diagnosed with autism and they can also be involved in the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Adolescents
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Hannon, Michael D.; Hannon, LaChan V. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Sixteen fathers of individuals with autism were interviewed to develop a grounded theory explaining how they learned about their children's autism diagnosis. Results suggest the orientation process entails at least two phases: orienting oneself and orienting others. The orienting oneself phase entailed fathers having suspicion of developmental…
Descriptors: Fathers, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis
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Major, Samantha; Campbell, Kathleen; Espinosa, Steven; Baker, Jeffrey P.; Carpenter, Kimberly L. H.; Sapiro, Guillermo; Vermeer, Saritha; Dawson, Geraldine – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
The present study is a single-site quality improvement project within pediatric primary care involving the implementation of a digital version of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers--Revised. We evaluated the impact of the digital screener on the likelihood of physician referral for a developmental evaluation or autism diagnosis, and the…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers
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van 't Hof, Maarten; Tisseur, Chanel; van Berckelear-Onnes, Ina; van Nieuwenhuyzen, Annemyn; Daniels, Amy M.; Deen, Mathijs; Hoek, Hans W.; Ester, Wietske A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Between 1990 and 2012, the global mean age at diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder ranged from 38 to 120 months. Measures have since been introduced to reduce the age at autism spectrum disorder diagnosis, but the current global mean age is unknown. This review and meta-analysis report the average age at diagnosis from studies published between…
Descriptors: Age, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Curran, Alicia; Burnette, Courtney; Sohl, Kristin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although early diagnosis of autism is critical for promoting access to early intervention, many children experience significant diagnostic delays. Shortages of healthcare providers, limited capacity at autism centers, and geographic and socioeconomic challenges contribute to these delays. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of a new…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Primary Health Care
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Koller, Judah; Shalev, Ronny; Schallamach, Chen; Gumpel, Thomas P.; Begin, Michal – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children enables earlier access to services and better ability to predict subsequent development. A vast body of literature consistently shows discrepancies in the age of diagnosis between children from varying socio-economic levels, cultural and ethnic backgrounds. The present study examines…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Socioeconomic Status
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White, Rhianna; Barreto, Manuela; Harrington, Jean; Kapp, Steven K.; Hayes, Jennie; Russell, Ginny – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Evidence suggests disclosing an autism diagnosis is associated with reduced stigmatization for autistic adults. However, it is unknown whether this is true for autistic adolescents. We used a vignette-and-questionnaire design to study stigmatizing attitudes with adolescents (aged 11-12 and 14-16 years, total N = 250) in a UK school. We…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Bias, Adolescents
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Croteau, Caroline; Mottron, Laurent; Dorais, Marc; Tarride, Jean-Eric; Perreault, Sylvie – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
A number of cross-sectional studies report extensive use of psychiatric services and high healthcare costs in autistic youths. However, little is known about how the use of these services evolves from the time of diagnosis, as children grow up. Our objectives were to investigate the use, costs, and predictors of psychiatric services following…
Descriptors: Costs, Predictor Variables, Psychiatry, Autism
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Meagher, Sean P.; Carlson, Betsy L.; Elrod, Marilisa G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Children referred for audiology evaluation due to speech and language delays represent a neurodevelopmentally high-risk group. The audiology evaluation is a behaviorally-challenging encounter early in the diagnostic process. We assessed interfering behaviors (IB) that complicated completion of audiometry as predictors of autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Audiometric Tests, Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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