ERIC Number: EJ882637
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Dental Plaque Control Program in Autistic Patients
Dias, Guilherme G.; Prado, Eliane F. G. B.; Vadasz, Estevao; Siqueira, Jose Tadeu T.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n6 p704-708 Jun 2010
The aim of this study was to verify the efficacy of a programme for dental plaque control in autistics. Patients were evaluated on five occasions over a period of 180 days using the following instruments: OHI-S, DMF-T, the Fonnes brushing technique and diet questionnaire. Participants were divided into two groups according to level of co-operation on the programme: Group A (co-operative) and Group B (non-cooperative). A statistically significant improvement (p less than 0.001) in Oral Hygiene was attained, with 84.2% showing regular or satisfactory hygiene at study end-point. Conclusion: Groups A and B both showed improvement in hygiene (p less than 0.001 and p = 0.004), but improvement was significantly higher among co-operative patients (p less than 0.001 at 180 days), who also had a higher mean age (p = 0.02).
Descriptors: Hygiene, Dentistry, Autism, Health Promotion, Age Differences, Program Effectiveness, Cooperation, Dental Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A