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Samms-Vaughan, Maureen; Rahbar, Mohammad H.; Dickerson, Aisha S.; Loveland, Katherine A.; Hessabi, Manouchehr; Pearson, Deborah A.; Bressler, Jan; Shakespeare-Pellington, Sydonnie; Grove, Megan L.; Coore-Desai, Charlene; Reece, Jody; Boerwinkle, Eric – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The administration requirements of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, widely used in high-income countries, make them less feasible for diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in low- and middle-income countries. The flexible administration requirements of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale have…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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Backer van Ommeren, Tineke; Koot, Hans M.; Scheeren, Anke M.; Begeer, Sander – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Differences in the social limitations of girls compared to boys on the autism spectrum are still poorly understood. Impaired social-emotional reciprocity is a core diagnostic criterion for an autism spectrum disorder. This study compares sex differences in reciprocal behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (32 girls, 114 boys) and in…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Child Behavior, Autism, Comparative Analysis
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Brewer, Neil; Zoanetti, Jordana; Young, Robyn L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
We examined whether media reports linking criminal behaviour and autism spectrum disorder foster negative attitudes towards individuals with autism spectrum disorder. In a between-subjects design, participants were exposed to (a) a media story in which a murderer was labelled with autism spectrum disorder (media exposure condition) or not labelled…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Criminals, Mass Media Effects
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Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
This study examined whether a novel parent-report questionnaire, the Autism Parent Screen for Infants, could differentiate infants subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder from a high-risk cohort (siblings of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (n = 66)) from high-risk and low-risk comparison infants (no family history of…
Descriptors: Autism, Infants, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Clark, Alex; Browne, Sarah; Boardman, Liz; Hewitt, Lealah; Light, Sophie – British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
UK National Autism Strategy (Department of Health, 2010 and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance (NICE, 2012) states that frontline staff should have a good understanding of Autism. Fifty-six clinical and administrative staff from a multidisciplinary community Learning Disability service completed an electronic questionnaire…
Descriptors: Autism, Knowledge Level, Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities
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Yang, Jie; Lee, Jonathan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previous studies have found that individuals with autism spectrum disorders show impairments in mentalizing processes and aberrant brain activity compared with typically developing participants. However, the findings are mainly from male participants and the aberrant effects in autism spectrum disorder females and sex differences are still…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Tchanturia, Kate; Adamson, James; Leppanen, Jenni; Westwood, Heather – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated links between anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder however, few studies have examined the possible impact of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder on clinical outcomes in anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study was to examine the association between symptoms of autism spectrum disorder and eating…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eating Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Donohue, Meghan Rose; Childs, Amber W.; Richards, Megan; Robins, Diana L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Racial differences in parent report of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses in Black children. We tested the hypotheses that compared to White parents, Black parents of children with autism spectrum disorder would report fewer concerns about autism symptoms…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Racial Differences, Parents
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Cage, Eilidh; Di Monaco, Jessica; Newell, Victoria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Mental health difficulties are highly prevalent in individuals on the autism spectrum. The current study examined how experiences and perceptions of autism acceptance could impact on the mental health of autistic adults. 111 adults on the autism spectrum completed an online survey examining their experiences of autism acceptance, along with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mental Health, Adults
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Cook, Anna; Ogden, Jane; Winstone, Naomi – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2018
To date little is known about the experiences of girls with autism, or how they live with and manage their autism. This qualitative study explored experiences of learning, friendships and bullying of girls with autism. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 girls with autism, aged 11-17 years, and one parent of each girl. Thematic…
Descriptors: Friendship, Bullying, Females, Autism
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Shivers, Carolyn M.; McGregor, Casey; Hough, Ashlea – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Siblings, Anxiety, Autism
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Hull, Laura; Mandy, William; Petrides, K. V. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Studies assessing sex/gender differences in autism spectrum conditions often fail to include typically developing control groups. It is, therefore, unclear whether observed sex/gender differences reflect those found in the general population or are particular to autism spectrum conditions. A systematic search identified articles comparing…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Females, Males, Gender Differences
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Zander, Eric; Sturm, Harald; Bölte, Sven – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
The diagnostic validity of the new research algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the revised algorithms of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule was examined in a clinical sample of children aged 18-47 months. Validity was determined for each instrument separately and their combination against a clinical consensus…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Diagnostic Tests, Interviews, Test Validity
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Lung, For-Wey; Chiang, Tung-Liang; Lin, Shio-Jean; Lee, Meng-Chih; Shu, Bih-Ching – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
The use of assisted reproduction technology has increased over the last two decades. Autism spectrum disorders and assisted reproduction technology share many risk factors. However, previous studies on the association between autism spectrum disorders and assisted reproduction technology have shown inconsistent results. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pregnancy
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Travers, Jason; Krezmien, Michael – Exceptional Children, 2018
The underidentification of students with autism is a well-documented phenomenon that implies minority children are less likely to receive autism-specific interventions and services vital for better outcomes. Previous research has found that minority children are less likely to be identified as having autism, but recent changes in federal reporting…
Descriptors: Autism, Disability Identification, Racial Bias, Probability
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