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Tvardovskaya, Alla A.; Svinar, Elena V. – International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2016
The relevance of the investigated problem is caused by the fact that most children who start to study do not have a good level of higher mental functions. It leads to difficulties at school and health problems. The article aims at estimating the level of higher mental functions and the degree of educational motivation development among…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Thinking Skills
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Parrila, Rauno; Dudley, Dean; Song, Shuang; Georgiou, George K. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2020
We provide a meta-analytic review of all group-comparison studies that used reading-level match design, were conducted in highly consistent European orthographies, included children with dyslexia younger than 13 years of age as participants, and included measures of one or more of the potential causes of dyslexia. We identified 21 studies meeting…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Dyslexia, Children, Phonological Awareness
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Agres, Kat; Abdallah, Samer; Pearce, Marcus – Cognitive Science, 2018
A basic function of cognition is to detect regularities in sensory input to facilitate the prediction and recognition of future events. It has been proposed that these implicit expectations arise from an internal predictive coding model, based on knowledge acquired through processes such as statistical learning, but it is unclear how different…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Coding, Memory
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Karagün, Elif – Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2018
The purpose of the study is to determine the visual and auditory reaction time, perception, attention and memory levels of PE teacher candidates and computer teacher candidates. For this purpose, after giving necessary information to the teacher candidates of the Department of Physical Education and Sports and the candidates of Computer Teaching…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Perception, Attention, Memory
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Kraus, Nina – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2012
Auditory-based communication skills are developed at a young age and are maintained throughout our lives. However, some individuals--both young and old--encounter difficulties in achieving or maintaining communication proficiency. Biological signals arising from hearing sounds relate to real-life communication skills such as listening to speech in…
Descriptors: Memory, Auditory Training, Computer Software, Music Education
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Chen, Chih-Chia; Ringenbach, Shannon D. R.; Albert, Andrew; Semken, Keith – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2014
The connection between human cognitive development and motor functioning has been systematically examined in many typical and atypical populations; however, only a few studies focus on people with Down syndrome (DS). Twelve adolescents with DS participated and their cognitive control, measured by the Corsi-Block tapping test (e.g., visual working…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Down Syndrome, Cognitive Processes, Psychomotor Skills
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Clark, Katherine M.; Hardman, Kyle O.; Schachtman, Todd R.; Saults, J. Scott; Glass, Bret A.; Cowan, Nelson – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Recent advances in understanding visual working memory, the limited information held in mind for use in ongoing processing, are extended here to examine auditory working memory development. Research with arrays of visual objects has shown how to distinguish the capacity, in terms of the "number" of objects retained, from the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Golubock, Jason L.; Janata, Petr – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2013
Properties of auditory working memory for sounds that lack strong semantic associations and are not readily verbalized or sung are poorly understood. We investigated auditory working memory capacity for lists containing 2-6 easily discriminable abstract sounds synthesized within a constrained timbral space, at delays of 1-6 s (Experiment 1), and…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory, Auditory Stimuli
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McQueen, James M.; Eisner, Frank; Burgering, Merel A.; Vroomen, Jean – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Learning new words entails, inter alia, encoding of novel sound patterns and transferring those patterns from short-term to long-term memory. We report a series of 5 experiments that investigated whether the memory systems engaged in word learning are specialized for speech and whether utilization of these systems results in a benefit for word…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Speech Communication, Cognitive Processes, Memory
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Nordberg, Ann; Dahlgren Sandberg, Annika; Miniscalco, Carmela – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2015
Background: Research on retelling ability and cognition is limited in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and speech impairment. Aims: To explore the impact of expressive and receptive language, narrative discourse dimensions (Narrative Assessment Profile measures), auditory and visual memory, theory of mind (ToM) and non-verbal cognition on the…
Descriptors: Cerebral Palsy, Story Telling, Language Skills, Speech Impairments
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Bahrami Balani, Alex – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
People's everyday lives offer plenty of situations where complex processing of information takes place, in which information needs to transfer across modalities to achieve a behavioral goal. The study examined the differential effects on object detection by a visual, verbal, or auditory cue held in working memory (WM), and the role of concurrent…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Transfer of Training, Cognitive Processes, Visual Stimuli
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McKeown, Denis; Mercer, Tom – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
In the 1st reported experiment, we demonstrate that auditory memory is robust over extended retention intervals (RIs) when listeners compare the timbre of complex tones, even when active or verbal rehearsal is difficult or impossible. Thus, our tones have an abstract timbre that resists verbal labeling, they differ across trials so that no…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Intervals, Experimental Psychology, Auditory Stimuli
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Tronson, Natalie C.; Wiseman, Shari L.; Neve, Rachael L.; Nestler, Eric J.; Olausson, Peter; Taylor, Jane R. – Learning & Memory, 2012
Cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) plays a critical role in fear memory formation. Here we determined the role of CREB selectively within the amygdala in reconsolidation and extinction of auditory fear. Viral overexpression of the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER) or the dominant-negative mCREB, specifically within the lateral…
Descriptors: Memory, Fear, Information Retrieval, Cognitive Processes
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Hu, Fang-Tzu; Ginns, Paul; Bobis, Janette – Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 2014
Cognitive load theory seeks to generate novel instructional designs through a focus on human cognitive architecture including a limited working memory; however, the potential for enhancing learning through non-visual or non-auditory working memory channels is yet to be evaluated. This exploratory experiment tested whether explicit instructions to…
Descriptors: Geometry, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
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Wright, Anthony A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2007
Rhesus monkeys were trained and tested in visual and auditory list-memory tasks with sequences of four travel pictures or four natural/environmental sounds followed by single test items. Acquisitions of the visual list-memory task are presented. Visual recency (last item) memory diminished with retention delay, and primacy (first item) memory…
Descriptors: Memory, Test Items, Familiarity, Inhibition
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