ERIC Number: EJ1115285
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of Attention in Somatosensory Processing: A Multi-Trait, Multi-Method Analysis
Wodka, Ericka L.; Puts, Nicolaas A. J.; Mahone, E. Mark; Edden, Richard A. E.; Tommerdahl, Mark; Mostofsky, Stewart H.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n10 p3232-3241 Oct 2016
Sensory processing abnormalities in autism have largely been described by parent report. This study used a multi-method (parent-report and measurement), multi-trait (tactile sensitivity and attention) design to evaluate somatosensory processing in ASD. Results showed multiple significant within-method (e.g., parent report of different traits)/cross-trait (e.g., attention and tactile sensitivity) correlations, suggesting that parent-reported tactile sensory dysfunction and performance-based tactile sensitivity describe different behavioral phenomena. Additionally, both parent-reported tactile functioning and performance-based tactile sensitivity measures were significantly associated with measures of attention. Findings suggest that sensory (tactile) processing abnormalities in ASD are multifaceted, and may partially reflect a more global deficit in behavioral regulation (including attention). Challenges of relying solely on parent-report to describe sensory difficulties faced by children/families with ASD are also highlighted.
Descriptors: Attention, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Attitudes, Sensory Integration, Performance Based Assessment, Diagnostic Tests, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Evaluation Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A