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Wei, Han-Ting; Hsu, Ju-Wei; Huang, Kai-Lin; Bai, Ya-Mei; Su, Tung-Ping; Li, Cheng-Ta; Lin, Wei-Chen; Tsai, Shih-Jen; Pan, Tai-Long; Chen, Tzeng-Ji; Chen, Mu-Hong – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
ADHD comorbidity has been associated with delayed diagnosis of ASD, but no study has investigated this association in an Asian country. Children with ASD were included and divided into three groups: ADHD before ASD, ADHD same/after ASD, and ASD only. Timing of ASD and ADHD diagnoses were assessed. The logistic regression model was performed to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Clinical Diagnosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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Smith, Kayla; Hogan, Abigail L.; Will, Elizabeth; Roberts, Jane E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Early identification of behavioral risk markers for anxiety is essential to optimize long-term outcomes in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. This study analyzed attentional avoidance and its relation to anxiety and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology during social and nonsocial fear conditions in toddlers with fragile X…
Descriptors: Disability Identification, At Risk Persons, Anxiety, Neurological Impairments
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Salley, Brenda; Sheinkopf, Stephen J.; Neal-Beevers, A. Rebecca; Tenenbaum, Elena J.; Miller-Loncar, Cynthia L.; Tronick, Ed; Lagasse, Linda L.; Shankaran, Seetha; Bada, Henrietta; Bauer, Charles; Whitaker, Toni; Hammond, Jane; Lester, Barry M. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
This study examined infants' early visual attention (at 1 month of age) and social engagement (4 months) as predictors of their later joint attention (12 and 18 months). The sample (n = 325), drawn from the Maternal Lifestyle Study, a longitudinal multicenter project conducted at 4 centers of the National Institute of Child Health and Human…
Descriptors: Infants, Visual Perception, Eye Movements, Attention
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Hullinger, Richard A.; Kruschke, John K.; Todd, Peter M. – Cognitive Science, 2015
Humans and many other species selectively attend to stimuli or stimulus dimensions--but why should an animal constrain information input in this way? To investigate the adaptive functions of attention, we used a genetic algorithm to evolve simple connectionist networks that had to make categorization decisions in a variety of environmental…
Descriptors: Attention, Genetics, Environmental Influences, Simulation
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Kerr-German, Anastasia N.; Buss, Aaron T. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Between the ages of 3 and 5, children develop greater control over attention to visual dimensions. Children develop the ability to flexibly shift between visual dimensions and to selectively process specific dimensions of an object. Previous proposals have suggested that selective and flexible attention is developmentally related to one another.…
Descriptors: Attention, Preschool Children, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Development
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Samudra, Preeti; Wong, Kevin M.; Neuman, Susan B. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Coviewing is a commonly recommended practice, but little is known about how coviewing impacts children's educational media viewing experience. We investigated how coviewing impacts attention and comprehension of educational media, as well as the role of baseline vocabulary in understanding these associations. Eighty-three preschoolers viewed two…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attention, Television Viewing, Educational Media
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Warren, Zachary E.; Zheng, Zhi; Swanson, Amy R.; Bekele, Esubalew; Zhang, Lian; Crittendon, Julie A.; Weitlauf, Amy F.; Sarkar, Nilanjan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Although it has often been argued that clinical applications of advanced technology may hold promise for addressing impairments associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), relatively few investigations have indexed the impact of intervention and feedback approaches. This pilot study investigated the application of a novel robotic interaction…
Descriptors: Robotics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Technology Uses in Education
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Palatnik, Alik; Koichu, Boris – For the Learning of Mathematics, 2015
The paper presents and analyses a sequence of events that preceded an insight solution to a challenging problem in the context of numerical sequences. A three­week long solution process by a pair of ninth­-grade students is analysed by means of the theory of shifts of attention. The goal for this article is to reveal the potential of this theory…
Descriptors: Attention, Grade 9, Attention Control, Educational Theories
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Dönmez, Meliha Uzun; Imamoglu, Osman – Asian Journal of Education and Training, 2020
The aim of this study was to compare attention levels of primary school students in terms of gender, school and physical activity. The study included a total of 301 primary school students, of whom 144 were female and 157 were male. Data were collected with Physical Activity Questionnaire and D2 Test of Attention. Pair-wise categorical comparisons…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Children, Gender Differences, Physical Activity Level
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Lee, Kwangwon; Schertz, Hannah H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The relationship between turn taking (i.e., back-and-forth preverbal communicative exchanges) and joint attention has not been studied in interactions between children with autism and caregivers. In joint attention, a form of preverbal social communication, young children socially share attention with a partner about objects, a competency that is…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention, Caregivers
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Mathews, Leslie A.; Osmani, Kimberly J.; Martin, James E. – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2020
Research demonstrates students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other attention difficulties benefit from using tools to expend energy in positive, socially acceptable means while not distracting others. Tactile fidgets may assist with self-regulated behaviors. This study examined the effectiveness of using hand and foot…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Students with Disabilities, Manipulative Materials
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de Oliveira, Maria Luiza Cruz; de Nogueira Holanda, Francisco Wilson; Valdez, Pablo; de Almondes, Katie Moraes; de Azevedo, Carolina Virgínia Macedo – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Excessive usage of electronic devices delays bedtime and increases nighttime arousal, reducing sleep duration of adolescents in the morning shift. The impacts of media use before bedtime (MBB) on sleep patterns and components of morning attention were evaluated in 89 adolescents (15.8 ± 0.8 years) using sleep questionnaires and a continuous…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Sleep
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Sørensen, Thomas Alrik; Vangkilde, Signe; Bundesen, Claus – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
By varying the probabilities that a stimulus would appear at particular times after the presentation of a cue and modeling the data by the theory of visual attention (Bundesen, 1990), Vangkilde, Coull, and Bundesen (2012) provided evidence that the speed of encoding a singly presented stimulus letter into visual short-term memory (VSTM) is…
Descriptors: Cues, Visual Stimuli, Attention Control, Short Term Memory
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Ustun, Ferhat; Tasgin, Erdal – Journal of Education and Learning, 2020
This study aims to investigate the effect of recreational archery exercise on attention levels of children aged 9-13 years. 20 girls and 20 boys who participated in archery training for 4 weeks held in archery areas of special sports centers in Konya Province. The participants were given archery training 60 minutes a day, 3 days a week for 4…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Attention, Athletics
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Liu, Sisi; Peng, Ming – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2020
Creativity is linked to broad scope of attention, a state or trait that allocates attentional resources over a wide range of perceptual stimuli. According to the attentional priming hypothesis, a mechanism underlying the creativity--attention link is that broad perceptual attention scope primes broad conceptual attention scope--the activation of a…
Descriptors: Attention, Creativity, Hypothesis Testing, Priming
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