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Wang, L. Ling-Chi – 1975
The history and issues leading to the Supreme Court decision which recognized the special educational needs and rights of limited English speaking students is traced in this article. Also discussed are the ensuing community struggles for the right to fashion the appropriate relief mandated by the Supreme Court and for the right to have quality…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism
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Lee, Jin Sook; Wright, Wayne E. – Review of Research in Education, 2014
Language and cultural preservation efforts among different communities of language speakers in the United States have received increasing attention as interest in linguistic rights and globalization continues to deepen. In addition to mounting evidence of the cognitive, psychological, and academic benefits of heritage language/community language…
Descriptors: Heritage Education, Language Maintenance, Cultural Maintenance, Civil Rights
Salamanca, Anthony J. – 1974
This position paper gives the results of informal surveys carried out by the Bilingual-Bicultural Task Force of the California State Department of Education. Only 60 to 65% of the teachers in the state bilingual programs are judged bilingual and 50% bilingual-biliterate. Almost all of the teacher aides are judged bilingual, and a large percentage…
Descriptors: American Indians, Asian Americans, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education
Aquila, Frank – 1975
This document provides a detailed discussion of two laws and three court cases affecting the education of non-English speaking children. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 addresses equal education opportunities for all Americans. The Four Point Memorandum issued by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare specifically deals with…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools
Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Compensatory Education Section. – 1975
This document, presenting a statewide racial and ethnic survey by determining the distribution and composition of student enrollments and school personnel in local districts, is said to represent the most comprehensive effort attempted by Oregon's Title IV Unit, whose purpose is said to lie in improving the quality of services to target clients,…
Descriptors: American Indians, Asian Americans, Bilingual Education, Black Students
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Gersten, Russell; Woodward, John – Educational Leadership, 1985
In 1978 a controversial evaluation found no difference in achievement between Hispanic students in transitional bilingual programs and those in regular classroom programs. The authors present an argument favoring the use of stuctured immersion programs instead of bilingual programs. (MD)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Education Programs, Dropout Rate