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Taylor, Catherine S.; Lee, Yoonsun – Educational Assessment, 2011
This article presents a study of ethnic Differential Item Functioning (DIF) for 4th-, 7th-, and 10th-grade reading items on a state criterion-referenced achievement test. The tests, administered 1997 to 2001, were composed of multiple-choice and constructed-response items. Item performance by focal groups (i.e., students from Asian/Pacific Island,…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Test Items, Pacific Islanders, American Indians
Peterson, Kari; Abbott, Martin – Washington School Research Center, 2005
In April 2002, Jeffrey Fouts (2002) presented a longitudinal study of student performance in Washington using Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) results from 1998 to 2001. Although constrained by the lack of individual student identification numbers at that time, he concluded that success on the WASL in the 4th grade was a strong…
Descriptors: Followup Studies, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 4
Center on Education Policy, 2010
This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in Washington for 2010. In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Washington showed across-the-board gains in math--improvements at the basic, proficient, and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low-income students, and…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Achievement Gains, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Krieg, John M. – Urban Institute (NJ1), 2009
The No Child Left Behind Act imposes sanctions on schools if the fraction of each of five racial groups of students demonstrating proficiency on a high stakes exam falls below a statewide pass rate. This system places pressure on school administrators to redirect educational resources from groups of students most likely to demonstrate proficiency…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Sanctions, Federal Legislation
Center on Education Policy, 2009
This year the Center on Education Policy analyzed data on the achievement of different groups of students in two distinct ways. First, it looked at grade 4 test results to determine whether the performance of various groups improved at three achievement levels--basic and above, proficient and above, and advanced. Second, it looked at gaps between…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Low Income, American Indians, African American Students
Huggins, Elise M.; Celio, Mary Beth – 2002
This report examines data from the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL), focusing on the achievement gap in Washington state public schools. It uses scale scores rather than simply "percentage meeting standard"; analyzes data on both individual and building levels; and displays data in many different ways designed to clarify…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Accountability, American Indians