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Broer, Markus; Lee, Yong-Won; Rizavi, Saba; Powers, Don – ETS Research Report Series, 2005
Three polytomous DIF detection techniques--the Mantel test, logistic regression, and polySTAND--were used to identify GRE® Analytical Writing prompts ("Issue" and "Argument") that are differentially difficult for (a) female test takers; (b) African American, Asian, and Hispanic test takers; and (c) test takers whose strongest…
Descriptors: Culture Fair Tests, Item Response Theory, Test Items, Cues
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Walters, Alyssa M.; Lee, Soonmook; Trapani, Catherine – ETS Research Report Series, 2004
The study investigated the applicability of previous experimental research on stereotype threat to operational Graduate Record Examinations® (GRE®) General Test testing centers. The goal was to document any relationships between features of the testing environment that might cue stereotype threat as well as any impact on GRE test scores among…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Education Service Centers, Testing Problems
O'Neill, Kathleen; Rizavi, Saba – 2002
Beginning in 1999, an analytical writing measure was offered as an optional test in the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) program. This test will be incorporated into the GRE General Test in fall 2002. The essays in this test focus on critical reasoning and analytical writing skills. This study examined the performance of various examinee groups…
Descriptors: College Students, Ethnic Groups, Graduate Study, Higher Education
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Ramineni, Chaitanya; Williamson, David – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
Notable mean score differences for the "e-rater"® automated scoring engine and for humans for essays from certain demographic groups were observed for the "GRE"® General Test in use before the major revision of 2012, called rGRE. The use of e-rater as a check-score model with discrepancy thresholds prevented an adverse impact…
Descriptors: Scores, Computer Assisted Testing, Test Scoring Machines, Automation
Tyler, Linda – Educational Testing Service, 2011
Since 2006, the National Education Association (NEA) and Educational Testing Service (ETS) have been working collaboratively to support teacher candidates in preparing for "The Praxis Series"[TM] of teacher licensure assessments, currently used in 41 states and territories. Their focus has been particularly targeted to assisting minority…
Descriptors: Educational Testing, Minority Group Teachers, Diversity (Faculty), Intervention
Camara, Wayne J.; Schmidt, Amy Elizabeth – College Entrance Examination Board, 1999
Group differences among ethnic and racial groups on a series of educational measures and outcomes are examined. African-American and Hispanic students perform substantially lower than white and Asian students on the SAT I. These substantial differences also exist on a variety of other admissions tests used for undergraduate, graduate, and…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Social Stratification, Differences, Scores
Wilson, Kenneth M. – 1986
The validity of the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) was examined for foreign students enrolled in U.S. graduate schools. Subjects included 1,353 foreign students for whom English was a second language (ESL) and 42 foreign students whose native language was English. The relationships between college departments' scores on the GRE General Test…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Departments, English (Second Language), Foreign Students
Centra, John A. – 1979
The degree objectives of prospective graduate students from the various ethnic groups were investigated in this study by using the extensive (200,000 plus) Graduate Record Examination (GRE) registrant population of 1976-1977. GRE scores, undergraduate grade point average, and being a male were the important predictors of students' expectations of…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Aspiration, American Indians, Asian Americans