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ERIC Number: ED514882
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 76
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1097-0315-3
The Effects of Education on the Attitudes of Counselors in Training toward Alcoholism
Van Kampen, Pamela Sue
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Wayne State University
The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of education on the attitudes of counselors in training toward alcoholism. Alcoholism is a treatable disease if recognized, properly diagnosed and the appropriate interventions are made available to the alcoholic and their families. There is estimated to be more than two billion people worldwide who consume alcoholic beverages, and approximately 76.3 million of them have diagnosable disorders, psychological, and/or social difficulties associated with their alcohol use. Currently there is a relationship to more than 60 types of injury and disease with alcohol. In addition to health problems related to alcoholism, alcohol addiction, and binge drinking, chronic alcohol use is estimated to cause 20 - 30% of all motor vehicle accidents, homicides, liver cirrhosis, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, and epileptic seizures worldwide. The American Cancer Society recognizes the following cancers to be related causally to alcohol: larynx, rectum, breast, liver, esophagus, pharynx, and oral cavity. The risk for these cancers increase with the number of drinks a person consumes. In spite of these well know facts, alcoholism remains a very misunderstood and stigmatized disease. Societal attitudes toward alcoholics tend to be negative, and shame and behavior based. Research shows these same attitudes are prevalent among medical and mental health care professionals. Alcohol related problems are frequently misdiagnosed, and sometimes the expectation for recovery is limited or negligible. This study posited that the attitudes of counselors in training would become more positive as a result of a substance abuse education course as evidenced by a comparison of the pre- and post- scores on The Marcus Alcoholism Questionnaire (MAQ) (Marcus, 1962). Moreover, they would demonstrate significant changes in their perceptions of personal confidence and competencies in working with alcoholics in a therapeutic setting. There was a significant positive effect on the belief that emotional difficulties or psychological problems are an important contributing factor in the development of alcoholism, that periodic excessive drinking can be alcoholism, and that alcoholism is an illness based on a comparison of the mean gain scores and related to their experience in the course. Moreover, students who had at least one course in substance abuse prior to the workshop believed more strongly at the end of the course that alcoholics are not weak willed individuals compared to students who had not had not had any formal coursework on the topic of substance abuse when comparing pre- and post- mean gains. There were no significant differences among mean gain scores for groupings based on ethnicity. Students who were confident in their ability to work with alcoholics therapeutically believed more strongly that alcoholics are not weak willed individuals compared to students who judged themselves as not confident, and students who judged themselves to be competent to work with alcoholics in therapy believed more strongly that alcoholics can recover from alcoholism. Finally, more students judged themselves to be confident in working with alcoholics after participating in the substance abuse education workshop. The results of this study show that attitudes toward alcoholism can be changed through education. With increased public education along with the proper training and instructional opportunities in medical and all medically related fields including psychology, counseling and social work, alcohol related disorders, diseases and deaths would decrease substantially. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A