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ERIC Number: EJ916926
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Age and Schooling Effects on Early Literacy and Phoneme Awareness
Cunningham, Anna; Carroll, Julia
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v109 n2 p248-255 Jun 2011
Previous research on age and schooling effects is largely restricted to studies of children who begin formal schooling at 6 years of age, and the measures of phoneme awareness used have typically lacked sensitivity for beginning readers. Our study addresses these issues by testing 4 to 6 year-olds (first 2 years of formal schooling in the United Kingdom) on a sensitive dynamic measure of phoneme awareness and tests of early literacy. There were significant effects of both age and schooling on the dynamic measure of phoneme awareness, word reading, spelling, and letter name knowledge, but there were no significant Age x Time interactions. This indicates that older children within this age group generally outperform their younger classmates (although they do not make faster progress) and that this advantage is developed prior to the start of school. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A