ERIC Number: EJ770281
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Sep-1
Which Psychosocial Factors Are Related to Drinking among Rural Adolescents?
Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.; Spoth, Richard
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v13 n1 p19-35 Sep 2003
This study examined the relationship of psychosocial factors with alcohol use for adolescents residing in rural Iowa. This association was also tested separately for boys and girls. Seventh graders (N = 1673) self-reported alcohol use, peer drinking norms, adult drinking norms, drug refusal assertiveness, drug refusal techniques, life skills, pro-drinking attitudes, risk-taking tendency, and perceived family management practices. Data were collected during a 45-minute class period. Multiple regressions indicated that: Peer drinking norms, drug refusal assertiveness, drug refusal techniques, life skills, pro-drinking attitudes and risk-taking tendency were related to drinking measures. Perceived family management skills and drug refusal techniques were associated with drinking for girls but not boys. Risk-taking tendency was related to drinking for boys but not girls.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drinking, Grade 7, Rural Youth, Measurement Techniques, Gender Differences, Social Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa