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Servera, Mateu; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Cardo, Esther; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Burns, G. Leonard – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2010
Confirmatory factor analysis was used to model a multitrait (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]-inattention, ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity, oppositional defiant disorder [ODD]) by multisource (mothers, fathers, and teachers) matrix to determine the convergent and discriminant validity of ratings by mothers, fathers, and teachers.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mothers, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Behavior Disorders
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Martel, Michelle M.; von Eye, Alexander; Nigg, Joel T. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is presumed to be heterogeneous, but the best way to describe this heterogeneity remains unclear. Considerable evidence has accrued suggesting that inattention versus hyperactivity-impulsivity symptom domains predict distinct clinical outcomes and may have partially distinct etiological…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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van Wyk, Gregory W.; Hazell, Philip L.; Kohn, Michael R.; Granger, Renee E.; Walton, Richard J. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2012
Objective: To assess how threshold oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), inattention, and hyperactivity-impulsivity affect the response to atomoxetine versus methylphenidate. Method: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs; greater than or equal to 6 weeks follow-up). The primary measure was core symptom response--greater than or…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Conceptual Tempo, Patients
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Hazell, Philip L.; Kohn, Michael R.; Dickson, Ruth; Walton, Richard J.; Granger, Renee E.; van Wyk, Gregory W. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2011
Objective: Previous studies comparing atomoxetine and methylphenidate to treat ADHD symptoms have been equivocal. This noninferiority meta-analysis compared core ADHD symptom response between atomoxetine and methylphenidate in children and adolescents. Method: Selection criteria included randomized, controlled design; duration 6 weeks; and…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Rating Scales, Adolescents, Patients
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Schneider, Barry H.; Normand, Sebastien; Sotares deToro, Maria del Pilar; Santana Gonzalez, Yorkys; Guilarte Tellez, Jorge Antonio; Carbonell Naranjo, Migdalia; Musle, Miriam; Diaz Socarras, Felix Javier; Robaey, Philippe – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2011
Objective: To distinguish Cuban children clinically referred because of ADHD from an at-risk community sample and a community control group in terms of symptoms, associated difficulties and impairment of family and peer relations. Method: Parents and teachers of 1,036 children (6-8 years old) completed an established ADHD rating scale and a…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Community Control, Rating Scales, Latin Americans
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Humphreys, Kathryn L.; Mehta, Natasha; Lee, Steve S. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2012
Objective: To study the independent association of parental depression and ADHD on three dimensions of child psychopathology among 178 children aged 5 to 10 years. Method: Self-reported measures of parental depression and ADHD as well as rating scales and structure diagnostic interviews of child internalizing, ADHD, and externalizing problems were…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Rating Scales, Risk, Depression (Psychology)
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Solanto, Mary V.; Wasserstein, Jeanette; Marks, David J.; Mitchell, Katherine J. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2012
Objective: To empirically identify the appropriate symptom threshold for hyperactivity-impulsivity for diagnosis of ADHD in adults. Method: Participants were 88 adults (M [SD] age = 41.69 [11.78] years, 66% female, 16% minority) meeting formal "DSM-IV" criteria for ADHD combined or predominantly inattentive subtypes based on a structured…
Descriptors: Identification, Rating Scales, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Durell, Todd; Adler, Lenard; Wilens, Timothy; Paczkowski, Martin; Schuh, Kory – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2010
Objective: Atomoxetine is a nonstimulant medication for treating child, adolescent, and adult ADHD. This meta-analysis compared the effects in younger and older adults. Method: A post hoc analysis was conducted using data from two double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials. Data from patients aged 18-25 years were compared with data from…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Older Adults, Patients, Effect Size
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Lee, Moon-Soo; Yang, Jae-Won; Ko, Young-Hoon; Han, Changsu; Kim, Seung-Hyun; Lee, Min-Soo; Joe, Sook-Haeng; Jung, In-Kwa – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2008
We evaluated plasma levels of DHEA-S and cortisol before and after treating ADHD patients with one of two medications: methylphenidate (n = 12) or bupropion (n = 10). Boys with ADHD (combined type) were evaluated with the Korean ADHD rating scale (K-ARS) and the computerized ADHD diagnostic system (ADS). All assessments were measured at baseline…
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Rating Scales, Patients
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Jain, Rakesh; Segal, Scott; Kollins, Scott H.; Khayrallah, Moise – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: This study examined the efficacy and safety of clonidine hydrochloride extended-release tablets (CLON-XR) in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: This 8-week, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose trial, including 3 weeks of dose escalation, of patients 6 to 17 years old with ADHD evaluated the…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Rating Scales, Patients, Program Effectiveness
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Michanie, Claudio; Kunst, Gabriel; Margulies, Daniel S.; Yakhkind, Aleksandra – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2007
Objective: To assess the prevalence of DSM III-R symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in an outpatient pediatric population; to compare oppositional behavior and grade retention rates; and to establish local means and standard deviations (SD) for the ADHD rating scale. Method: 300…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Incidence, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Glockner-Rist, Angelika; Pedersen, Anya; Rist, Fred – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013
Objective: Adult "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed.; "DSM-IV") and retrospective childhood Wender-Utah ADHD criteria are implemented in self-report measures to assess adult ADHD and its required onset in childhood. Yet their dimensional structure and relationship to adult ADHD depressivity is still…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adults, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Evaluation Criteria
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Adler, Lenard A.; Spencer, Thomas; McGough, James J.; Jiang, Hai; Muniz, Rafael – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2009
Objective: This study evaluates dexmethylphenidate extended release (d-MPH-ER) in adults with ADHD. Method: Following a 5-week, randomized, controlled, fixed-dose study of d-MPH-ER 20 to 40 mg/d, 170 adults entered a 6-month open-label extension (OLE) to assess long-term safety, with flexible dosing of 20 to 40 mg/d. Exploratory effectiveness…
Descriptors: Safety, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Rating Scales, Patients
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Landgraf, Jeanne M. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2007
Objective: To develop and evaluate a questionnaire, the ADHD Impact Module for Adults (AIM-A), to dimension quality of life for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: Six multi-item AIM scales were developed and evaluated in 317 participants enrolled in an open-label trial. Multitrait scaling analysis and correlations…
Descriptors: Scaling, Quality of Life, Hyperactivity, Test Reliability
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Riggs, Paula D.; Winhusen, Theresa; Davies, Robert D.; Leimberger, Jeffrey D.; Mikulich-Gilbertson, Susan; Klein, Constance; Macdonald, Marilyn; Lohman, Michelle; Bailey, Genie L.; Haynes, Louise; Jaffee, William B.; Haminton, Nancy; Hodgkins, Candace; Whitmore, Elizabeth; Trello-Rishel, Kathlene; Tamm, Leanne; Acosta, Michelle C.; Royer-Malvestuto, Charlotte; Subramaniam, Geetha; Fishman, Marc; Holmes, Beverly W.; Kaye, Mary Elyse; Vargo, Mark A.; Woody, George E.; Nunes, Edward V.; Liu, David – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of osmotic-release methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) compared with placebo for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and the impact on substance treatment outcomes in adolescents concurrently receiving cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for substance use disorders (SUD). Method: This was a…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Rating Scales, Therapy, Cognitive Restructuring
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