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Propper, Cathi; Moore, Ginger, A. – Developmental Review, 2006
Infant temperament is theorized to have a strong genetic basis. Yet, studies of the stability of temperament and molecular genetics research on temperament have revealed inconsistent findings. One reason may be because research has not taken into account the influence of early social experiences. We review research on aspects of infant…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Infants, Personality, Early Experience
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Bissanti, Andrea – Impact of Science on Society, 1973
Discusses the use of drugs in controlling human behavior, referring particularly to problems associated with applying results from animal experiments to humans, the technique of controlled experiments, the biochemistry of behavior, behavioral disturbances, the uses and effects of psycho-drugs, and the questions of ethics and potential abuse. (JR)
Descriptors: Behavior, Behavior Problems, Biochemistry, Drug Therapy
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Grant, Igor – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1987
Considers neuropsychological changes associated with alcohol abuse and touches on related neuropathological and neuroradiological research. Describes neuropsychological research on recently detoxified alcoholic men, long-term abstainers, and animals. Sources of neuropsychological variability including family history of alcoholism, developmental…
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Clinical Diagnosis, Drinking, Models
Monastersky, Richard – Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007
In this article, the author describes how researchers study the adolescent brain--a subject of inquiry that did not exist a generation ago. Any parent of a teenager knows that adolescents often have difficulty navigating through their world. Now scientists are starting to find out why. Peering into the minds of maturing youngsters, researchers are…
Descriptors: Research, Psychiatry, Brain, Adolescents
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Kangas, Brian D.; Branch, Marc N. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2012
The effects of cocaine were examined under a titrating-delay matching-to-sample procedure. In this procedure, the delay between sample stimulus offset and comparison stimuli onset adjusts as a function of the subject's performance. Specifically, matches increase the delay and mismatches decrease the delay. Titrated delay values served as the…
Descriptors: Cocaine, Drug Abuse, Animals, Animal Behavior
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Perepletchikova, Francheska; Krystal, John H.; Kaufman, Joan – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: Alcohol use disorders in adolescents are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Over the past decade, there has been a burgeoning of research on adolescent alcohol use disorders. Methods: A summary of the alcohol assessment tools is provided, and randomized studies reviewed and synthesized to provide an overview of state…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Adolescents, Addictive Behavior, Clinical Diagnosis
Locey, Matthew L.; Dallery, Jesse – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2009
Many drugs of abuse produce changes in impulsive choice, that is, choice for a smaller-sooner reinforcer over a larger-later reinforcer. Because the alternatives differ in both delay and amount, it is not clear whether these drug effects are due to the differences in reinforcer delay or amount. To isolate the effects of delay, we used a titrating…
Descriptors: Mathematical Models, Reinforcement, Probability, Drug Abuse
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Seip-Cammack, Katharine M.; Shapiro, Matthew L. – Learning & Memory, 2014
Behavioral flexibility allows individuals to adapt to situations in which rewards and goals change. Potentially addictive drugs may impair flexible decision-making by altering brain mechanisms that compute reward expectancies, thereby facilitating maladaptive drug use. To investigate this hypothesis, we tested the effects of oxycodone exposure on…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Spatial Ability
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Burger, Mary Louise – Childhood Education, 1994
Reviews: (1) "If You Change Your Mind"; (2) "Swinging Safari: Really Wild Animals Series"; (3) "Wonders Down Under: Really Wild Animals Series"; (4) "Deep Sea Dive: Really Wild Animals Series"; (5) "Flags of the Nations"; (6) "A New Baby in My House"; (7) "I Dig Fossils"; and…
Descriptors: Animals, Child Development, Drug Abuse, Early Childhood Education
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Niccols, Alison – Brain and Cognition, 2007
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is currently recognized as the most common known cause of mental retardation, affecting from 1 to 7 per 1000 live-born infants. Individuals with FAS suffer from changes in brain structure, cognitive impairments, and behavior problems. Researchers investigating neuropsychological functioning have identified deficits in…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Retardation, Hyperactivity, Brain
Pinkston, Jonathan W.; Branch, Marc N. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2010
The present experiment examined the effects of acute and daily cocaine on spontaneous behavior patterns of pigeons. After determining the acute effects of a range of doses, 9 pigeons were divided into three groups that received one of three doses of cocaine daily, either 1.0, 3.0, or 10.0 mg/kg cocaine. Measures were taken of spontaneous…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Cocaine, Persistence, Psychomotor Skills
National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD. – 1990
This report describes recent progress in knowledge on alcohol abuse and alcoholism. These topics are covered: (1) alcohol abuse and alcoholism, including drinking patterns, etiology, and alcohol dependence as a disease; (2) epidemiology, including morbidity and deaths; (3) genetics and environment, including twin and adoption studies, animal…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Alcoholism, Clinical Diagnosis, Drinking
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Lazoritz, Stephen; Shelman, Eric A. – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1996
This historical review recounts the case of Emily Thompson, a New York City child abused in 1871, in which Henry Bergh, an animal rights advocate, intervened. The perpetrator was found guilty but the child was sent back to the same abusive home. The case is seen as seminal in the early history of the child protection movement. (DB)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Welfare, Court Litigation, History
Pellegrini, Julius – 1981
Presented in this course guide are seven units of study focusing on: (1) animal identification; (2) environmental testing; (3) ecological concepts; (4) wildlife abuse, depletion, and extinction; (5) water pollution; (6) air pollution; and (7) nuclear energy and the environment. Each unit includes a general objective, followed by specific…
Descriptors: Air Pollution, Classification, Conservation Education, Conservation (Environment)
National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD. – 1975
This booklet on marihuana and health begins with general observations made at a press briefing by the Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, followed by questions and answers. The last section contains a summary and overview of the Fifth Annual Report to the U.S. Congress from the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. The…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Drug Education, Health, Health Education
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