ERIC Number: EJ735687
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
The Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA): A Diagnostic Method
Baron-Cohen, Simon; Wheelwright, Sally; Robinson, Janine; Woodbury-Smith, Marc
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v35 n6 p807-819 Dec 2005
At the present time there are a large number of adults who have "suspected" Asperger syndrome (AS). In this paper we describe a new instrument, the Adult Asperger Assessment (AAA), developed in our clinic for adults with AS. The need for a new instrument relevant to the diagnosis of AS in adulthood arises because existing instruments are designed for use with children. Properties of the AAA include (1) being electronic, data-based, and computer-scorable; (2) linking with two screening instruments [the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the Empathy Quotient (EQ)]; and (3) employing a more stringent set of diagnostic criteria than DSM-IV, in order to avoid false positives. The AAA is described, and its use with a series of "n" = 42 clinic-patients is reported. Thirty-seven of these (88%) met DSM-IV criteria, but only 34 of these (80%) met AAA criteria. The AAA is therefore more conservative than DSM-IV.
Descriptors: Adults, Asperger Syndrome, Evaluation Methods, Diagnostic Tests, Measures (Individuals), Clinical Diagnosis, Screening Tests, Autism, Empathy, Patients, Criteria
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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