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OECD Publishing, 2017
Gender inequalities persist in all areas of social and economic life and across countries. Young women in OECD countries generally obtain more years of schooling than young men, but women are less likely than men to engage in paid work. Gaps widen with age, as motherhood typically has marked negative effects on gender pay gaps and career…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Educational Trends, Violence, Females
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Dozier, Raine – Social Forces, 2010
During the 1980s and 1990s, industrial restructuring led to a marked increase in wage inequality. Women, however, were not as negatively affected by declining manufacturing employment because their pay was relatively low within the industry, and their already high representation in the service sector provided access to newly created opportunities.…
Descriptors: Females, Employment Patterns, Manufacturing, Whites
Williams, Tiffani – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Data consistently indicate women enroll and graduate from college at higher rates than any other group and experience higher wage opportunities, standard of living and better protections against poverty (DiPrete & Buchmann, 2006, 2013). Some have termed women's success in higher education the "female advantage", defined as a clear…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, College Graduates, Education Work Relationship, Outcomes of Education
Roach, Bonnie L. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2014
There is ample evidence that there still is a pay gap amongst men and women and the situation is no different if academia. Many studies have examined various types of gender discrimination in academia and two areas in particular are problematic--salaries and representation of female faculty in upper ranks of academia. This paper examines the past…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Disproportionate Representation, Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials
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Lodh, Suman; Nandy, Monomita – Industry and Higher Education, 2017
In this article, the authors find that, during financial crises, the wage gap between female and male accounting professionals declines and gender inequality in higher education is affected. In addition, less support and lower wages for disabled accounting professionals demotivate disabled students in accounting higher education. Because of budget…
Descriptors: Accounting, Higher Education, Gender Bias, Financial Problems
Smith, James P. – 1985
The typical working woman is thought to make 60% of a man's wage, despite increased job skills. Facts prove this perception incorrect. Lack of progress is an artifact of changing labor market characteristics associated with the rapid growth in the numbers of women in the labor market. Low skills, low wage female entrants tend to hold down the…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Employed Women, Employment, Employment Experience
DiBenedetto, Katelyn; Peters, Eleanor Eckerson; Voight, Mamie – Postsecondary Value Commission, 2021
Many of the gender and racial wage gaps found in society are also seen within higher education, with less diversity among college administrators, faculty, and staff than the United States population as a whole. Postsecondary institutions alone cannot correct the systemic inequities that limit socioeconomic mobility and racial justice, but they can…
Descriptors: Equal Opportunities (Jobs), College Faculty, Diversity (Faculty), Disproportionate Representation
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Jackson, Linda A. – Journal of Social Issues, 1989
Discusses how gender differences in the value of pay, based on relative deprivation theory, explain women's paradoxical contentment with lower wages. Presents a model of pay satisfaction to integrate value-based and comparative-referent explanations of the relationship between gender and pay satisfaction. Discusses economic approaches to the…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Employed Women
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Bowles, Hannah Riley; Babcock, Linda – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2013
Policy makers, academics, and media reports suggest that women could shrink the gender pay gap by negotiating more effectively for higher compensation. Yet women entering compensation negotiations face a dilemma: They have to weigh the benefits of negotiating against the social consequences of having negotiated. Research shows that women are…
Descriptors: Females, Salary Wage Differentials, Employment Practices, Behavior Standards
National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC. – 1990
Women have made slow, steady progress in the labor market since 1979, but the wage gap has not narrowed significantly. This briefing paper updates a September 1987 paper based on "Male-Female Differences in Work Experience, Occupations, and Earnings: 1984" (Current Population Reports, Household Economic Studies, Series P-70, No. 10, issued in…
Descriptors: Blacks, Economic Research, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
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Gander, Michelle – Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 2010
Much has been written about the glass ceiling and pay differentials in higher and further education (HE, FE) for women academics (McTavish and Miller 2009, Rees 2007) but very little about discrepancies for women "professional managers" within UK higher education. Professional managers as a term needs to be defined as universities call…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Administration, Females, Salary Wage Differentials
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O'Leary, Simon – Studies in Higher Education, 2021
Following identifications of gendered inconsistencies in higher education delivery [Ain, C., F. Sabir, and J. Willison. 2018. "Research Skills That men and Women Developed at University and Then Used in Workplaces." "Studies in Higher Education," Published online.], this work exposes unseen gender-related issues in the graduate…
Descriptors: Gender Bias, Higher Education, College Graduates, Employment Qualifications
Moughari, Layla; Gunn-Wright, Rhiana; Gault, Barbara – Institute for Women's Policy Research, 2012
Postsecondary education yields myriad benefits, including increased earnings potential, higher lifetime wages, and access to quality jobs. But postsecondary degrees are not all equal in the benefits they bring to students, and women tend to obtain degrees in fields with lower earnings. Women with associate degrees earn approximately 75 percent of…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Gender Bias, Females
National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC. – 1988
This document comprises a report on international progress to close the "wage gap", the differential between the earnings of women and men. Information was gathered on pay equity activities from a survey of government agencies, trade unions, women's organizations, and international bodies. Almost all of the jurisdictions surveyed have…
Descriptors: Comparable Worth, Employed Women, Foreign Countries, International Studies
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Bacolod, Marigee P.; Blum, Bernardo S. – Journal of Human Resources, 2010
We show that the narrowing gender gap and the growth in earnings inequality are consistent with a simple model in which skills are heterogeneous, and the growth in skill prices has been particularly strong for skills with which women are well endowed. Empirical analysis of DOT, CPS, and NLSY79 data finds evidence to support this model. A large…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Salary Wage Differentials, Job Skills, Interpersonal Competence
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