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Royston, Rachel; Oliver, Chris; Howlin, Patricia; Waite, Jane – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: Williams syndrome anxiety research predominantly focuses on disorder prevalence and symptomatology, categorised using standardised mental health classifications. However, the use of these assessments may not fully capture the phenotypic features of anxiety in Williams syndrome. In this study, we examined characteristics of anxiety…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Individual Characteristics, Genetic Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Serrano-Juárez, Carlos Alberto; Prieto-Corona, Belén; Rodríguez-Camacho, Mario; Venegas-Vega, Carlos Alberto; Yáñez-Téllez, Ma. Guillermina; Silva-Pereyra, Juan; Salgado-Ceballos, Hermelinda; Arias-Trejo, Natalia; De León Miranda, Miguel Angel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
An explanation for the social dysfunction observed in Williams syndrome may be deficits in social cognition. This study explored aspects of social cognition in children with Williams syndrome with different genotypes. The 12 participants included one with a 1.1 Mb deletion that retained the GTF2IRD1, GTF2I, and GTF2IRD2 genes, seven with a 1.5 Mb…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Children, Genetic Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Niego, Amy; Benítez-Burraco, Antonio – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Autism spectrum disorders and Williams syndrome exhibit quite opposite features in the social domain, but also share some common underlying behavioral and cognitive deficits. It is not clear, however, which genes account for the attested differences (and similarities) in the socio-cognitive domain. In this article, we adopted a comparative…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Harvey, Hannah; Ashworth, Maria; Palikara, Olympia; Van Herwegen, Jo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Vision problems can lead to negative developmental outcomes. Children with Williams syndrome and Down syndrome are at higher risk of vision problems, and these are less likely to be detected due to diagnostic overshadowing and difficulty accessing eye-care. Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans are statutory documents, introduced by the Children…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Children
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Royston, R.; Oliver, C.; Moss, J.; Adams, D.; Berg, K.; Burbidge, C.; Howlin, P.; Nelson, L.; Stinton, C.; Waite, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study describes the profile of repetitive behaviour in individuals with Williams syndrome, utilising cross-syndrome comparisons with people with Prader-Willi and Down syndromes. The Repetitive Behaviour Questionnaire was administered to caregivers of adults with Williams (n = 96), Prader-Willi (n = 103) and Down (n = 78) syndromes. There were…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Down Syndrome, Intelligence Quotient, Questionnaires
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Huston, John C.; Thom, Robyn P.; Ravichandran, Caitlin T.; Mullett, Jennifer E.; Moran, Carly; Waxler, Jessica L.; Pober, Barbara R.; McDougle, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
The purpose of the study was to characterize repetitive phenomena in Williams syndrome (WS). The parents of 60 subjects with WS completed the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) or Children's Y-BOCS, the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale, the Stereotyped Behavior Scale, and the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale--Parent Version. Nineteen…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Intellectual Disability, Congenital Impairments, Repetition
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Alexander, Abigail J.; Gallagher, Aidan; Pober, Barbara R.; Waxler, Jessica L.; McDougle, Christopher J. – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2019
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in paediatric patients following cardiac surgery has been well reported. Patients with Williams syndrome often require surgical intervention to correct congenital cardiovascular abnormalities and typically present with pre-existing interfering symptoms of anxiety. These patients may be at an…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Females, Intellectual Disability, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Brawn, Gabrielle; Porter, Melanie – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2018
Literature on the level of adaptive functioning and relative strengths and weaknesses in functioning of individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) was reviewed. The electronic databases PsycINFO, PubMed, Expanded Academic, Web of Science, Scopus and ProQuest were searched electronically for relevant articles and dissertations using the search terms…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Adjustment (to Environment), Congenital Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Walton, Jennifer R.; Martens, Marilee A.; Moore-Clingenpeel, Melissa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
This study examined if listening to music will improve the accuracy of blood pressure (BP) readings in children with Williams syndrome (WS). Fifty-two participants (7-12 years) were randomly assigned to a music or non-music group. BPs were obtained at two time points. There was a significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic BP from Time 1…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Children, Physiology, Music
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Gillooly, Amanda E.; Riby, Deborah M.; Durkin, Kevin; Rhodes, Sinéad M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Although children with Williams syndrome (WS) are reported to show a strong motivation towards social interaction, evidence suggests many experience difficulties with peer relations. Less is known regarding the characteristics of such difficulties. Parents and teachers of 21 children with WS (7- to 16 years) completed questionnaires measuring…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Children, Adolescents, Parent Attitudes
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Kirchner, Rebecca M.; Walton, Katherine M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Research suggests that people with a Williams syndrome (WS) or Down syndrome (DS) diagnosis display an increased prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) when compared to the general population. This study aimed to examine characteristics of ASD in a group of children with DS or WS. Results suggest that children with DS and WS exhibit higher…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Down Syndrome
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Simms, V.; Karmiloff-Smith, A.; Ranzato, E.; Van Herwegen, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Previous studies suggest that tasks dependent on the mental number line may be difficult for Williams Syndrome (WS) and Down Syndrome (DS) groups. However, few have directly assessed number line estimation in these groups. The current study assessed 28 WS, 25 DS and 25 typically developing (TD) participants in non-verbal intelligence, number…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Computation, Numbers
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Thom, Robyn P.; Keary, Christopher J.; Waxler, Jessica L.; Pober, Barbara R.; McDougle, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Co-morbid anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), are highly prevalent among individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). However, reports of the pharmacologic treatment of only a limited number of previous anxiety disorders in WS have appeared in the literature. Here, we review the case histories of three adolescents/young…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Drug Therapy, Adolescents
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Fisher, Marisa H.; Josol, Cynde Katherine; Shivers, Carolyn M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Individuals with Williams Syndrome (WS) are hypersocial, overfriendly, and experience social skills deficits that may adversely impact their social outcomes. This study examined the relation between social skills, friendship quality, and feelings of loneliness for adults with WS as reported by 114 parent-adult with WS dyads. Results indicate that…
Descriptors: Adults, Genetic Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Friendship
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Nakutin, Sarah N.; Paz, Jennica L. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2020
William's Syndrome (WS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a genetic abnormality, affecting about 1 in 10,000 people worldwide. While there are some behavioral similarities between WS and other high incidence disabilities, such as autism, several unique physical, cognitive, and behavioral characteristics are expressed in individuals…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Disabilities, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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