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Showing 1 to 15 of 16 results Save | Export
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Ozkol, Hivren; Zucker, Marla; Spinazzola, Joseph – Journal of Community Psychology, 2011
This study examined the pathways from violence exposure to aggressive behaviors in urban, elementary school youth. We utilized structural equation modeling to examine putative causal pathways between children's exposure to violence, development of posttraumatic stress symptoms, permissive attitudes towards violence, and engagement in aggressive…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Intervention, Violence, Structural Equation Models
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Avci, Rasit; Gucray, Songül Sonay – Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 2013
The aim of this research is to investigate interparental conflict, peer and media effects and its direct relationship with the violence behaviour of adolescents and the mediator role of attitudes towards violence. 2120 students, 964 girls and 1156 boys chosen from 7th and 8th grades of one private and eleven public elementary schools in Adana have…
Descriptors: Conflict, Parent Influence, Marital Instability, Violence
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Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Rodgers, Caryn R. R.; Ghandour, Lilian A.; Garbarino, James – School Psychology Quarterly, 2009
There is increased awareness that exposure to violence in the community can influence students' aggressive behavior at school; however, less is known about the mechanisms that mediate this process. Having an enhanced understanding of how community violence exposure relates to students' aggressive behavior at school may inform the use of preventive…
Descriptors: Violence, Aggression, Structural Equation Models, Gender Differences
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Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi – Health Education Research, 2011
School violence has become an international problem affecting the well-being of students. To date, few studies have examined how school variables mediate between personal and family factors and school violence in the context of elementary schools in Asian cultures. Using a nationally representative sample of 3122 elementary school students in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary Schools, Violence, Structural Equation Models
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Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi; Roziner, Ilan; Wrabel, Stephani L. – Educational Researcher, 2016
The present study explores the causal link between school climate, school violence, and a school's general academic performance over time using a school-level, cross-lagged panel autoregressive modeling design. We hypothesized that reductions in school violence and climate improvement would lead to schools' overall improved academic performance.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Environment, Surveys, Violence
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Brown, Keffrelyn D.; Brown, Anthony L. – Equity & Excellence in Education, 2010
Drawing from the theoretical lenses of cultural memory and critical race theory, we examined how elementary level and middle school level social studies textbooks represent the history of racial violence directed toward African Americans and resistance to this violence in the U.S. Using a literary analysis method, we found that textbooks often…
Descriptors: Race, Violence, African Americans, Curriculum
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Somech, Anit; Oplatka, Izhar – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2009
Purpose: The current literature's call for a more ecological approach to violence theory, research, and practice stimulated the current study. This model postulates that teachers' willingness to engage in behaviors intended to tackle violence in school as part of their in-role duties (role breadth) will affect school violence. Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Responsibility, Teacher Role, School Safety
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Willits, Dale; Broidy, Lisa; Denman, Kristine – Crime & Delinquency, 2013
Prior research has identified a link between schools (particularly high schools) and neighborhood crime rates. However, it remains unclear whether the relationship between schools and crime is a reflection of other criminogenic dynamics at the neighborhood level or whether schools influence neighborhood crime patterns independently of other…
Descriptors: Crime, Risk, Neighborhoods, Elementary Schools
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Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Vinokur, Amiram D.; Zeira, Anat – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2006
This inquiry explores variables that predict elementary school students' fear of attending school due to school violence and their overall judgments of school violence as a problem. Using a nationally representative sample (Israel) of 5,472 elementary-school-aged children, this study tested the hypotheses that: (a) young students' personal fear…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Models, Gender Differences, Cultural Differences
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Malm, Esther Kweiki; Henrich, Christopher; Varjas, Kris; Meyers, Joel – Journal of School Violence, 2017
This study investigated associations of general and specific parental self-efficacy factors with bullying and peer victimization behaviors among 142 fourth and fifth graders and their parents. Using structural equation modeling, exploratory factor analysis was used to examine one general parenting self-efficacy measure and a bullying-specific…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Elementary School Students, Self Efficacy
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Duplechain, Rosalind – Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 2004
This study used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to develop a teacher-friendly model for understanding the relationship between children's exposure to traumatic events, such as violence exposure, and their school achievement. With a sample of 146 urban elementary (grades 2-5) children, three variables (mental health behaviors,…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Relationship, Children, Emotional Response
Borrazzo, Marie E. – Online Submission, 2005
Research was centered on "at risk" students enrolled in an Academy that was designed to specifically meet "at risk" student needs. Teacher response styles during the discipline process was the center of the research given that "at risk" students are suspended more frequently than students typically falling into the "regular" student population.…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Discipline Problems, Student Problems, Teacher Response
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Chen, Greg – Journal of School Violence, 2007
The study develops a school safety and student achievement model, incorporating the concepts of student background, school structure, school culture, school disorder, and student academic achievement, and fits it to 613 elementary schools in New York City, using Structural Equations Modeling technique. The model fits the data well based on both…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Elementary Schools, School Culture, School Safety
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Warren, Keith; Anderson-Butcher, Dawn – Journal of School Violence, 2005
This exploratory study uses observations of the aggressive behavior of elementary school boys during three successive recess periods to test the hypothesis that aggressive behavior can spread between recess periods through peer contagion. If this hypothesis is correct, aggressive behaviors during the second recess period should mediate any…
Descriptors: Aggression, Structural Equation Models, Males, Elementary School Students
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Keddie, Amanda – Australian Educational Researcher, 2003
This paper argues the importance of examining the collective dimension of masculinities in the early school years through a description of a study into children's (young males') peer group relations. Specifically, the paper attends to the significance of the peer group in shaping behaviour, and in particular exaggerated "masculine"…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Males, Masculinity, Student Behavior
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