ERIC Number: ED114436
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
The Puerto Ricans: Culture Change and Language Deviance. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology, Number 51.
Leavitt, Ruby Rohrlich
This anthropological study examines whether sociocultural factors are basic to the etiology of stuttering through (1) an investigation of the incidence of stuttering in a single ethnic group, Puerto Rican rural migrants living in two different cultural milieus (San Juan and New York City), and (2) a comparison of the sociocultural variables in the lifeways of the migrants in the two cities. The study focuses on the validity of the theory that stuttering is a deviant linguistic response to sociocultural stress. A section on perspectives in stuttering provides an overview, a literature review, methodology, procedures, and statistical findings. A cultural-historical perspective of Puerto Rico covers topics such as the Spanish heritage and the North American overlay, rural subcultures in Puerto Rico, and the migrants in San Juan. A cultural-historical perspective of the United States likewise provides a discussion of the migrants in New York City, a comparison of the migrants in San Juan and in New York, contemporary American working-class values, and the American heritage. The final section discusses stuttering and stress. A series of inferences derived from the study are made, among them being the relation between dominant values of a culture and the prevalence or lack of stuttering, and the importance of cultural and socioeconomic factors. Suggestions for further research are made. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Culture, Anthropology, Area Studies, Culture Conflict, Ethnic Groups, Field Studies, Immigrants, Language Handicaps, Linguistic Difficulty (Inherent), Migrant Problems, Migrants, Poverty, Puerto Rican Culture, Puerto Ricans, Rural Population, Social Class, Sociocultural Patterns, Spanish Culture, Speech Handicaps, Stress Variables, Stuttering, Urban Areas, Urban Culture
University of Arizona Press, Box 3398, Tucson, Arizona 85722 ($4.95)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York); Puerto Rico