ERIC Number: EJ1018239
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Employment Outcomes of Transition-Aged Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A State of the States Report
Burgess, Sloane; Cimera, Robert E.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v119 n1 p64-83 Jan 2014
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the employment outcomes of transition-aged adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) served by vocational rehabilitation services (VR) over the last 10 years by state. A secondary purpose was to compare employment outcomes of individuals with ASD to those of the overall transition-aged population served by VR for the same time period. Although there was variability both within and among states, the results of this study indicate that, over time, the number of young adults with ASD seeking VR services has increased; however, employment outcomes including the percent of adults with ASD achieving employment, the number of hours worked, and wages earned have not improved for this group. The cost to provide VR services to transition-aged adults with ASD was relatively stable over time. Transition-aged adults with ASD were more likely to become successfully employed as a result of receiving VR services than the overall population of transition-aged adults served by VR. However, the employed transition-aged adults consistently worked fewer hours and earned lower wages than those in the overall population. Factors that may influence variability within and among states, and between groups, and implications for research and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Vocational Rehabilitation, Employment Services, Program Effectiveness, Transitional Programs, Young Adults, Employment Level, Wages
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A