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Azevedo, Flavio S.; diSessa, Andrea A.; Sherin, Bruce L. – Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 2012
Student engagement in classroom activities is usually described as a function of factors such as human needs, affect, intention, motivation, interests, identity, and others. We take a different approach and develop a framework that models classroom engagement as a function of students' "conceptual competence" in the "specific content" (e.g., the…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Class Activities, Concept Formation, Student Participation
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Langthorne, Paul; McGill, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) are associated with a number of specific topographies of problem behavior. Very few studies have examined the function served by problem behavior in these groups. Using the Questions About Behavioral Function scale Matson and Vollmer (User's guide: questions about behavioral function…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Behavior Problems, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities
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Danov, Stacy E.; Tervo, Raymond; Meyers, Stephanie; Symons, Frank J. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2012
The atypical antipsychotic medication aripiprazole was evaluated using a randomized AB multiple baseline, double-blind, placebo-controlled design for the treatment of severe problem behavior with 4 children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis (FA) was conducted concurrent with the medication evaluation to…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Rating Scales, Reinforcement, Drug Therapy
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Hartoonian, H. Michael; Van Scotter, Richard D. – Social Education, 2012
The social landscape of the United States can be mapped by using a series of cultural fault lines. This topography portrays conditions that descriptions of the surface fail to illuminate. Many of these schisms are the by-product of ideological positions that diminish personal responsibility and thoughtful civic discourse. If left unattended, these…
Descriptors: Freedom, Democracy, Cultural Education, Cultural Influences
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Richards, C.; Oliver, C.; Nelson, L.; Moss, J. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2012
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been identified as a risk marker for self-injurious behaviour. In this study we aimed to describe the prevalence, topography and correlates of self-injury in individuals with ASD in contrast to individuals with Fragile X and Down syndromes and examine person characteristics associated with self-injury…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Conceptual Tempo, Topography, Incidence
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Kastens, Kim A.; Shipley, Thomas F.; Boone, Alexander P.; Straccia, Frances – Journal of Astronomy & Earth Sciences Education, 2016
This study examines how geoscience experts and novices make meaning from an iconic type of data visualization: shaded relief images of bathymetry and topography. Participants examined, described, and interpreted a global image, two high-resolution seafloor images, and 2 high-resolution continental images, while having their gaze direction…
Descriptors: Expertise, Novices, Earth Science, Visual Aids
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Dagnan, Dave; Weston, Clive – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2006
Background: This study examines the relationship between the topography of challenging behaviour, subsequent attributions and emotional responses, with whether carers use physical intervention and their satisfaction with their intervention. Method: Thirty-seven carers described incidents where a person with an intellectual disability had exhibited…
Descriptors: Topography, Intervention, Aggression, Mental Retardation
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Stewart, David G.; Arlt, Virginia K.; Siebert, Erin C.; Chapman, Meredith K.; Hu, Emily M. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2016
This study aimed to examine (a) the impact of the change in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM") from a categorical to dimensional classification of substance use diagnoses, (b) the elimination of the legal criterion, and (c) the inclusion of a craving criterion in the "DSM"-5.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Intervention, Drug Abuse, Drug Use
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O'Dell, Gary; Gonzalez-Espada, Wilson – Science Teacher, 2011
Students learn science best with activities that mirror the way scientists work. This article describes how geologists investigate groundwater flow systems in areas of karst topography--geologic formations shaped by dissolving bedrock--and provides a way for students to replicate this research. Students also use electric current to model water…
Descriptors: Water, Topography, Geology, Investigations
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Duffy, Cormac; Healy, Olive – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2011
Lack of spontaneous communicative initiations appears to be a consistent problem in individuals with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD; Fujiki & Brinton, 2009). Spontaneous communication is emitted at a much lower frequency compared to individuals with language impairment and typically developing persons. Deficits of spontaneity in…
Descriptors: Autism, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Intervention
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Virues-Ortega, Javier; Segui-Duran, David; Descalzo-Quero, Alberto; Carnerero, Jose Julio; Martin, Neil – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
The Motivation Assessment Scale is an aid for hypothesis-driven functional analysis. This study presents its Spanish cross-cultural validation while examining psychometric attributes not yet explored. The study sample comprised 80 primary caregivers of children with autism. Acceptability, scaling assumptions, internal consistency, factor…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Autism, Scaling, Caregivers
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Bouxsein, Kelly J.; Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Fisher, Wayne W. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2008
Previous research has suggested that the topography of instructions (general vs. specific) may influence the likelihood that young children comply with instructions. The purpose of the current study was to compare the rates of task completion of a young man diagnosed with Asperger syndrome when provided with general and specific instructions…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Time on Task, Late Adolescents, Asperger Syndrome
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Adlam, John – Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 2014
In this paper I use group-analytic, philosophical and psycho-social lenses to explore phenomena associated with the convening of an experiential large group within a two-day conference on the theme of "knowing and not-knowing". Drawing in particular on the work of Earl Hopper, two different models of large group convening--in which the…
Descriptors: Experiential Learning, Large Group Instruction, Conferences (Gatherings), Furniture
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Price, Kelly – Science Scope, 2005
While the struggle persists in science classes to help students visualize in three dimensions, art classes are creating unique sculptures out of paper that produce three-dimensional displays from two-dimensional resources. The translation of paper relief sculpting from the art classroom to the science classroom adds dimension to the teaching of…
Descriptors: Topography, Maps, Map Skills, Sculpture
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Cipani, Ennio – Research on Social Work Practice, 2014
In this article, I address the issue of comorbidity and its prevalence in the prior "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM") classification systems. The focus on the topography or form of presenting problems as the venue for determining mental disorders is scrutinized as the possible cause. Addressing the…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Classification, Comorbidity, Behavior Problems
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