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Showing 1 to 15 of 568 results Save | Export
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Thalmann, Mirko; Souza, Alessandra S.; Oberauer, Klaus – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Chunking is the recoding of smaller units of information into larger, familiar units. Chunking is often assumed to help bypassing the limited capacity of working memory (WM). We investigate how chunks are used in WM tasks, addressing three questions: (a) Does chunking reduce the load on WM? Across four experiments chunking benefits were found not…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Recall (Psychology), Long Term Memory
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Nakayama, Masataka; Tanida, Yuki; Saito, Satoru – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Serial ordering mechanisms have been investigated extensively in psychology and psycholinguistics. It has also been demonstrated repeatedly that long-term phonological knowledge contributes to serial ordering. However, the mechanisms that contribute to serial ordering have yet to be fully understood. To understand these mechanisms, we demonstrate…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Phonological Awareness, Phonology, Serial Ordering
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Wirth, Robert; Janczyk, Markus; Kunde, Wilfried – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Actions aim to produce effects in the environment. To accomplish this properly, we not only have to recruit the appropriate motor patterns, but also we must be able to monitor whether an intended effect has ultimately been realized. Here, we investigated the impact of such effect monitoring on performance in multitasking situations: Multitasking…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Performance, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability
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Beesley, Tom; Hanafi, Gunadi; Vadillo, Miguel A.; Shanks, David R.; Livesey, Evan J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Two experiments examined biases in selective attention during contextual cuing of visual search. When participants were instructed to search for a target of a particular color, overt attention (as measured by the location of fixations) was biased strongly toward distractors presented in that same color. However, when participants searched for…
Descriptors: Attention, Cues, Bias, Visual Perception
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Miller, Jeff; Brookie, Kate; Wales, Sid; Wallace, Simon; Kaup, Barbara – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
In 8 experiments using language processing tasks ranging from lexical decision to sensibility judgment, participants made hand or foot responses after reading hand- or foot-associated words such as action verbs. In general, response time (RT) tended to be faster when the hand- versus foot-associated word was compatible with the limb that was…
Descriptors: Verbs, Brain, Language Processing, Reaction Time
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Beesley, T.; Shanks, David R. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
A fundamental principle of learning is that predictive cues or signals compete with each other to gain control over behavior. Associative and propositional reasoning theories of learning provide radically different accounts of cue competition. Propositional accounts predict that under conditions that do not afford or warrant the use of higher…
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Logical Thinking, Associative Learning, Cues
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von Hecker, Ulrich; Klauer, Karl Christoph; Wolf, Lukas; Fazilat-Pour, Masoud – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Memory performance in linear order reasoning tasks (A > B, B > C, C > D, etc.) shows quicker, and more accurate responses to queries on wider (AD) than narrower (AB) pairs on a hypothetical linear mental model (A -- B -- C -- D). While indicative of an analogue representation, research so far did not provide positive evidence for spatial…
Descriptors: Memory, Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Visual Perception
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Racsmány, Mihály; Szollosi, Ágnes; Bencze, Dorottya – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The "testing effect" refers to the striking phenomenon that repeated retrieval practice is one of the most effective learning strategies, and certainly more advantageous for long-term learning, than additional restudying of the same information. How retrieval can boost the retention of memories is still without unanimous explanation. In…
Descriptors: Memory, Testing, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology)
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St-Louis, Marie-Ève; Hughes, Robert W.; Saint-Aubin, Jean; Tremblay, Sébastien – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In a single large-scale study, we demonstrate that verbal sequence learning as studied using the classic Hebb repetition effect (Hebb, 1961)--the improvement in the serial recall of a repeating sequence compared to nonrepeated sequences--is resilient to both wide and irregular spacing between sequence repetitions. Learning of a repeated sequence…
Descriptors: Verbs, Sequential Learning, Repetition, Recall (Psychology)
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Lin, Olivia Y.-H.; MacLeod, Colin M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments investigated the learning of simple associations in a color-word contingency task. Participants responded manually to the print colors of 3 words, with each word associated strongly to 1 of the 3 colors and weakly to the other 2 colors. Despite the words being irrelevant, response times to high-contingency stimuli and to…
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Color
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Meiser, Thorsten; Rummel, Jan; Fleig, Hanna – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Pseudocontingencies are inferences about correlations in the environment that are formed on the basis of statistical regularities like skewed base rates or varying base rates across environmental contexts. Previous research has demonstrated that pseudocontingencies provide a pervasive mechanism of inductive inference in numerous social judgment…
Descriptors: Inferences, Correlation, Decision Making, Probability
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Strachan, James W. A.; Kirkham, Alexander J.; Manssuer, Luis R.; Tipper, Steven P. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Eye gaze is a powerful directional cue that automatically evokes joint attention states. Even when faces are ignored, there is incidental learning of the reliability of the gaze cueing of another person, such that people who look away from targets are judged less trustworthy. In a series of experiments, we demonstrated further properties of the…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Trust (Psychology), Psychological Patterns, Visual Perception
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Bell, Raoul; Buchner, Axel; Kroneisen, Meike; Giang, Trang – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
A popular hypothesis in evolutionary psychology posits that reciprocal altruism is supported by a cognitive module that helps cooperative individuals to detect and remember cheaters. Consistent with this hypothesis, a source memory advantage for faces of cheaters (better memory for the cheating context in which these faces were encountered) was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Altruism, Cooperation, Cheating
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Zhou, Ruojing; Mou, Weimin – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Cognitive mapping is assumed to be through hippocampus-dependent place learning rather than striatum-dependent response learning. However, we proposed that either type of spatial learning, as long as it involves encoding metric relations between locations and reference points, could lead to a cognitive map. Furthermore, the fewer reference points…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Learning, Spatial Ability, Accuracy
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De Sá Teixeira, Nuno; Oliveira, Armando Mónica – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2014
The spatial memory for the last position occupied by a moving target is usually displaced forward in the direction of motion. Interpreted as a mental analogue of physical momentum, this phenomenon was coined "representational momentum" (RM). As momentum is given by the product of an object's velocity and mass, both these factors came to…
Descriptors: Bias, Physics, Scientific Concepts, Motion
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