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Van Ryzin, Mark J.; Roseth, Cary J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is a highly stressful experience that impacts up to a third of all adolescents and can contribute to a variety of negative outcomes, including elevated anxiety, depression, drug use, and delinquency, as well as reduced self-esteem, school attendance, and academic achievement. Current prevention approaches (e.g., the Olweus…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Middle School Students, Bullying, Victims
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Vaughn, Sharon; Martinez, Leticia R.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Swanson, Elizabeth; Fall, Anna-Mária – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Supporting the reading comprehension and content knowledge acquisition of English language learners (ELs) requires instructional practices that continue beyond developing the foundational skills of reading. In particular, the challenges ELs face highlight the importance of teaching reading comprehension practices in the middle grades through…
Descriptors: Course Content, Social Studies, Grade 8, Middle School Teachers
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Glaser, Manuela; Schwan, Stephan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
While to date, multimedia research has examined mainly the learning of texts with accompanying pictures, in the current paper, 2 experiments are presented that examine the multimedia effect for pictures with accompanying spoken text. In Experiment 1, we examined whether learning is better with a multimedia presentation in which pictorial…
Descriptors: Cues, Pictorial Stimuli, Verbal Communication, Teaching Methods
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Chen, Ouhao; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
The worked example effect indicates that examples providing full guidance on how to solve a problem result in better test performance than a problem-solving condition with no guidance. The generation effect occurs when learners generating responses demonstrate better test performance than learners in a presentation condition that provides an…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Geometry, Mathematics Instruction, Prior Learning
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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Rietdijk, Saskia; van Weijen, Daphne; Janssen, Tanja; van den Bergh, Huub; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The aim of this study was to provide insight into the current practice of writing instruction in Dutch primary education, as a stepping stone for designing and implementing sustainable innovations that could satisfy both practitioners and policymakers. We investigated the extent to which three domain-specific approaches--communicative writing,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Writing Instruction, Elementary School Teachers, Educational Practices
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Schenke, Katerina; Nguyen, Tutrang; Watts, Tyler W.; Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas H. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
We examined whether African American students differentially responded to dimensions of the observed classroom-learning environment compared with non-African American students. Further, we examined whether these dimensions of the classroom mediated treatment effects of a preschool mathematics intervention targeted at students from low-income…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students, Classroom Environment
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Bernacki, Matthew L.; Walkington, Candace – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Context personalization--the incorporation of students' out-of-school interests into learning tasks--has recently been shown to positively affect students' situational interest and their performance and learning in mathematics. However, few studies have shown effects on both interest and achievement, drawing into question whether context…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Interests, Individualized Instruction, Mathematics Instruction
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Spencer, Mercedes; Day, Stephanie L.; Giuliani, Sarah; Ingebrand, Sarah W.; McLean, Leigh; Morrison, Frederick J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
We examined classrooms as complex systems that affect students' literacy learning through interacting effects of content and amount of time individual students spent in literacy instruction along with the global quality of the classroom learning environment. We observed 27 3rd-grade classrooms serving 315 target students using 2 different…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, Classroom Environment
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Collie, Rebecca J.; Martin, Andrew J.; Nassar, Natasha; Roberts, Christine L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Relatively little attention has been given to understanding different social and emotional behavior (SEB) profiles among students and their links to important educational outcomes. We applied latent profile analysis to identify SEB profiles among kindergarten students based on five SEBs: cooperative, socially responsible, helpful, anxious, and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Profiles, Student Behavior, Social Behavior
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Keller, Peggy S.; Smith, Olivia A.; Gilbert, Lauren R.; Bi, Shuang; Haak, Eric A.; Buckhalt, Joseph A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Adequate sleep is essential for child learning. However, school systems may inadvertently be promoting sleep deprivation through early school start times. The current study examines the potential implications of early school start times for standardized test scores in public elementary schools in Kentucky. Associations between early school start…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, School Schedules, Time Factors (Learning), Risk
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DiPerna, James Clyde; Lei, Puiwa; Cheng, Weiyi; Hart, Susan Crandall; Bellinger, Jillian – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a universal social skills program, the Social Skills Improvement System Classwide Intervention Program (SSIS-CIP; Elliott & Gresham, 2007), for students in first grade. Classrooms from 6 elementary schools were randomly assigned to treatment or business-as-usual control conditions.…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, Elementary School Students
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Roseth, Cary J.; Lee, You-kyung; Saltarelli, William A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Jigsaw is a peer learning procedure based on the assumption that making "children treat each other as resources" (Aronson & Patnoe, 2011, p. 8) stimulates cooperation among equals. Using a short-term, longitudinal experimental design in 14 sections of an undergraduate human anatomy laboratory, we contrasted this perspective with the…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Peer Teaching, Social Psychology, Interpersonal Competence
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Piasta, Shayne B.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Pelatti, Christina Yeager; Capps, Janet L.; Petrill, Stephen A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Because recent initiatives highlight the need to better support preschool-aged children's math and science learning, the present study investigated the impact of professional development in these domains for early childhood educators. Sixty-five educators were randomly assigned to experience 10.5 days (64 hr) of training on math and science or on…
Descriptors: Professional Development, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers, Educational Opportunities
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Vitale, Jonathan M.; Black, John B.; Swart, Michael I. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Do concrete learning materials promote strong learning outcomes, or do they simply make learning tasks more initially accessible? Although concrete materials may offer an intuitive foothold on a topic, research on desirable difficulties suggests that more challenging tasks facilitate greater retention and transfer. In the approach introduced here,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Numeracy, Number Concepts
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