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Berry, Robert Q., III – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2015
An examination of past research, policies, and reforms in mathematics education suggests that there have always been, and remain, tensions in conceptualizing the aims and goals of mathematics teaching and learning. While the disproportionality and conditions of marginalized learners is a cause for concern, it is important to understand that…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Disadvantaged, Power Structure, Mathematics
Lewis, Anne C. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2004
The May 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision came in the midst of a national preoccupation with taking care of very young baby boomers. There was a focus on the cheapest way to staff classrooms; build schools; get textbooks and other resources to students and teachers. The desegregation of schools proceeded with about the same level of…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Desegregation Effects, Public Education, Educational Finance
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Engl, Margaret; Permuth, Steven B.; Wonder, Terri K. – International Journal of Educational Reform, 2004
In the fall of 1953, the Supreme Court of the United States received the case of "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka" (347 U.S. 483, 1954) that raised essential questions, including whether separate but "equal" facilities in education can be provided for black students in the United States or whether the consideration of…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Equal Education, Courts, Court Litigation
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Hamann, Edmund T.; Reeves, Jenelle – Theory Into Practice, 2013
Different worldviews, different histories of induction into teaching, presumed differences in responsibilities, and different emphases in preservice and in-service preparation have all long contributed to enduring schisms that keep general education (or mainstream) teachers and English language support faculty from coordinating and finding common…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), English Language Learners, Teacher Attitudes, Second Language Learning
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Sayers, Dennis – Teachers College Record, 1995
Equity in access to educational resources faces new challenges in the age of technology, with great disparity in access to educational technology. The article proposes an alternative direction for equity of access to global learning networks as a catalyst for genuine educational reform that upholds civil rights law. (Author/SM)
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Computer Uses in Education, Educational Change, Educational Discrimination
Hochschild, Jennifer L. – 1985
Although many school districts and classrooms have desegregated since the 1954 Brown decision, desegregation is neither complete nor uniform. Moreover, racial isolation is growing in some regions and cities, and new forms of separation are arising within desegregated schools. New desegregation strategies and policies are needed, but these will be…
Descriptors: Black Students, Change Strategies, Civil Rights, Desegregation Effects
Bell, Derrick – Phi Delta Kappan, 1983
Argues that the U.S. record on desegregation since the "Brown" decision is disappointing and that the courts should have concentrated on improving the quality of Black education and Blacks' access to decision making. Suggests that integration, in a society committed to White dominance, will never ensure equal educational opportunity.…
Descriptors: Desegregation Effects, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
Higginbotham, A. Leon – 1984
Analyses of the Brown decision often overstate its importance. For centuries before it was handed down, white Americans regarded blacks as inferior. During the time of slavery, white men (including those of apparent stature, such as Jefferson and Lincoln) felt that for some reason society could do to black people that which it could not do to any…
Descriptors: Blacks, Civil Rights, Desegregation Litigation, Educational Opportunities
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Shinohara, Mutsuharu – Equity and Excellence, 1989
Problems of mainstreaming and racial integration in American schools are analyzed by a Japanese observer. The individualized educational program ideology is seen often to prevail over the principle of mainstreaming. A "separate but equal" approach contradicts the spirit of the Federal Handicapped Education Act. Synthesis of togetherness,…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Comparative Education, Disabilities, Disability Discrimination