ERIC Number: EJ1204382
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Challenges Facing New Educators: Expanding Teaching Strategies for Clinical Reasoning and Evidence-Based Medicine
Barrett, Jessica L.; Denegar, Craig R.; Mazerolle, Stephanie M.
Athletic Training Education Journal, v13 n4 p359-366 Oct-Dec 2018
Context: It is the educator's responsibility to prepare the students to be clinicians who think and reason critically while integrating research evidence into practice. Those new to the role of faculty member, who lack clinical and teaching experience, face challenges in the classroom application of those concepts. Objective: To discuss the challenges facing new faculty members and present strategies for addressing them. Specific faculty challenges addressed include learning their roles as educators and teaching multifaceted concepts, such as clinical reasoning and evidence-based medicine. Background: Experience provides a framework for a professional to balance multiple demands, whether as a new instructor teaching or a clinician synthesizing information to determine a course of action. Many new educators do not have extensive experience either clinically or in the classroom. This can cause anxiety as educators are confounded by their roles and responsibilities. Students likewise lack experience and may not possess the ability to systematically analyze patient encounters or research evidence. Constructivist learning theory paired with adult learning principles can address the learning needs of faculty members and students alike. Recommendation(s): Programs must provide assistance for new faculty and implement strategies for students to learn reasoning skills. Use of constructivist learning theory and application of the adult learning model are ways to address these deficiencies. Integrating concepts of active learning and self-direction while aligning expectations and creating overlap between classroom and clinical domains can assist in addressing the challenges faced by new faculty and students. Conclusion(s): The systematic process of evidence-based decision making is grounded in utilizing evidence. Strategies must be identified and implemented throughout curricula to target and enhance students' abilities to organize and synthesize information. Educators must use new methods in their own learning and teaching to enhance their students' abilities. New faculty members in particular require assistance in negotiating their roles.
Descriptors: Medical School Faculty, Teaching Methods, Evidence Based Practice, Medicine, Clinical Experience, Thinking Skills, Clinical Diagnosis, Teaching Experience, Stress Variables, Anxiety, Constructivism (Learning), Adult Learning, Active Learning, Decision Making, Critical Thinking, Learning Strategies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A