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Oaksford, Mike; Over, David; Cruz, Nicole – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Hinterecker, Knauff, and Johnson-Laird (2016) compared the adequacy of the probabilistic new paradigm in reasoning with the recent revision of mental models theory (MMT) for explaining a novel class of inferences containing the modal term "possibly." For example, "the door is closed or the window is open or both," therefore,…
Descriptors: Models, Probability, Inferences, Logical Thinking
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Hinterecker, Thomas; Knauff, Markus; Johnson-Laird, P. N. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Individuals draw conclusions about possibilities from assertions that make no explicit reference to them. The model theory postulates that assertions such as disjunctions refer to possibilities. Hence, a disjunction of the sort, "A or B or both," where "A" and "B" are sensible clauses, yields mental models of an…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Abstract Reasoning, Inferences, Probability