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Since 20182
Journal of Adolescent & Adult…2
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Muhammad, Gholnecsar E. – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2018
Currently, learning standards that govern schools are skills and knowledge centered, but when revisiting historical roots of literacy learning in communities of color, literacy was much more expansive and advanced to also include goals of identity meaning making and criticality. In this essay, the author argues for a reframed set of learning…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Academic Standards, Identification, Skill Development
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Smagorinsky, Peter – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2018
In this commentary, the author reconceives Vygotsky's zone of proximal development (ZPD), particularly its conflation with the notion of instructional scaffolding. The author reviews Vygotsky's description of the ZPD and how it has come to be misinterpreted; summarizes Wood, Bruner, and Ross's introduction of the scaffolding metaphor and how it…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Educational Theories, Misconceptions, Cognitive Development