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Smagorinsky, Peter – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2018
In this commentary, the author reconceives Vygotsky's zone of proximal development (ZPD), particularly its conflation with the notion of instructional scaffolding. The author reviews Vygotsky's description of the ZPD and how it has come to be misinterpreted; summarizes Wood, Bruner, and Ross's introduction of the scaffolding metaphor and how it…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Educational Theories, Misconceptions, Cognitive Development
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Smagorinsky, Peter – Journal of Literacy Research, 2018
This article emphasizes the importance of understanding local contexts to provide appropriate education for teachers about literacy instruction. The author reviews general problems that follow from extrapolating from unrepresentative research samples and the errors and deficit conceptions that follow from assuming that all cognition takes place…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Local Issues, Books, Seminars